Archaeology Departmnent


Senior Museum Scientist and Head of Department

Lloyd Rossouw

Lloyd Rossouw  PhD   lloyd [at] nasmus [dot] co [dot] za

Lloyd Rossouw obtained his BA degree, majoring in Archaeology and Cultural Anthropology, and went on to receive training in southern African archaeology at Honours level at the University of Stellenbosch Archaeology Department. He received specialized training in faunal osteology and Quaternary palaeontology for his MSc (cum laude) at the Bernard Price Institute for Palaeontological Research (BPI) at the Univesity of the Witwatersrand. He also received instruction in human anatomy at Duke University Medical School in Durham, North Carolina, USA. For his PhD degree, obtained in 2009 at the University of the Free State, he developed an archaeobotanical method that can be applied to fossil grass phytoliths to estimate past environmental conditions. He is a member of the Association for South African Professional Archaeologists (ASAPA) as well as a member of its Cultural Resource Management (CRM) section, with accreditation in the following areas of professional archaeological specialization: Principal Investigator, Specialist Analysis for archaeobotany and archaeozoology and Field Supervisor for Stone Age archaeology.

Museum Scientist

Loudine Philip  M Phil    loudine [dot] philip [at] nasmus [dot] co [dot] za

Loudine Phillip

Loudine Philip left a successful career in Human Resource Management in 1996 to pursue a career in a lifelong interest, archaeology. After obtaining her BA degree (cum laude), majoring in Archaeology and Biblical Archaeology, from the University of South Africa (UNISA), she enrolled as a full time student at the University of Pretoria and obtained her BHCS (Hons) degree (cum laude) specializing in Archaeology. Her new career started off at the University of Pretoria where she headed up the heritage section of the Centre for Indigenous Knowledge (CINDEK) whilst also lecturing at the Department of Archaeology. Through UNISA she has subsequently received additional training in Anthropology, Development Studies and African Politics which she felt imperative for a thorough understanding of the human landscape of the African continent.

In 2013 Loudine completed her M.Phil. at the University of Cape Town and graduated in June 2014.  With this she expanded her field of knowledge within archaeology to include the built environment. Loudine’s current focus is on the last 500 years in the history of southern Africa which places it in both Late Iron Age and Historical Archaeology, researching this within the broader context of Landscape Archaeology. She is a member of the Association for South African Professional Archaeologists (ASAPA) as well as a member of its Cultural Resource Management (CRM) section with Field Supervisor accreditation in Iron Age and Historical Archaeology..

Principal Conservator and Collections Manager

Gerda Coetzee is a National Museum Staff Member in the Archaeology Department

Gerda Coetzee  MA gerda [dot] coetzee [at] nasmus [dot] co [dot] za

Gerda Coetzee matriculated in 1990 at the Paul Kruger High School, Steynsburg, Eastern Cape. She obtained a BA degree through UNISA, majoring in Archaeology and Anthropology, and an Honours degree in Archaeology (cum laude) at the University of Pretoria. She joined the National Museum in September 2005 and since then underwent several courses and workshops in conservation such as metal conservation and ceramic conservation. She obtained a Masters degree in Historical Archaeology through UNISA in 2012. Gerda is a member of the Association for South African Professional Archaeologists (ASAPA), as well as the Cultural Resource Management (CRM) section of ASAPA, with Field Supervisor status in Iron Age and Stone Age Archaeology and Field Director status in Colonial Period Archaeology. 

Her thesis with the title ‘n Histories-Argeologiese studie van die plaas Welkomskraal, distrik Venterstad, Noordoos-Kaap is available for download at the UNISA Repository.


The thesis is very useful in the identification of archaeological material from colonial sites, especially for Heritage Impact Assessments (HIA). 

Abstract: This historical archaeological study provides a baseline description of the material culture of a remote southern African farm occupied between the 1880s and the 1930s.  The study is based on a detailed analysis of the excavated finds recovered from middens associated with three homesteads, located on the farm Welkomskraal, in the Venterstad district of the north-eastern Cape.  Artefacts were identified using the reference collection of the National Museum in Bloemfontein and commercial adverts.  The material culture covers the full spectrum of the daily lives of the farm’s occupants and is complemented by genealogical data, which indicate that the landowners were the descendants of the first trekboers who settled in the area.  The occupation of Welkomskraal coincided with the second industrial revolution, which was characterised by mass production of goods and an increasingly global trade network.  The assemblage attests that farmers in the deep interior had access to a wide range of imported goods although they were not necessarily prosperous.

Research Assistant

Myra Mashimbye

Myra Gohodzi  MSc myra [at] nasmus [dot] co [dot] za

Myra Mashimbye graduated with Archaeology and Physical Geography for her BA and continued her training in southern African archaeology to receive a BA Honours degree at the University of the Witwatersrand. She is currently enrolled at the same university for the degree of Master of Science in Archaeology. Myra was appointed as Research Assistant at the Museum in January 2010.

General Assistant

Thys Uys is a National Museum Staff Member in the Archaeology  Department

Thys Uys  thys [dot] uys [at] nasmus [dot] co [dot] za

Thys Uys matriculated from Bultfontein High School, Free State Province.  He is currently studying towards a BA in Historical Studies, specializing in Archaeology.