Botany Department


Aalwyne | © P.C. Zietsman

The Botany Department became an independent Department in 1981. The main focus of the Department is the extension of the Herbarium.  The term Herbarium was first used by Tournefort in 1700 to describe a collection of dried plants. Such a collection is ordered and arranged according to a specific classification system and is used for identification, classification and nomenclature of plant taxa. The Herbarium at the National Museum (NMB) is internationally accredited.  Research efforts currently concentrate on the sustainable utilisation of medicinal plants of South Africa.