National History Museum

Popular articles

Deacon, J. & Loubser, J. 1992. Report on the fifth Southern African rock art colloquium. Southern African Field Archaeology 1:110-112.

Kriek, J. 2004. Van Sjamans en skiektes tot Kompetisie vir kos: Leeus in San-Rotskuns. Culna. 59: 6-8.

Kriek, J. 2008. Public Rock Art Sites of southern Africa: Ha Liphapang, Lesotho. Culna. 63: 39-41.

Laurens, G. 1990. Aims and techniques of recording rock paintings. Culna 39:39-40.

Laurens, G. 1991. Some practical guidelines for conserving painted sites. Culna 40:9.

Loubser, J. 1987. Die studie van rotskuns in die Oranje-Vrystaat. Museum News 33:10.

Loubser, J. 1988. The Venda boats in the museum. Museum News 34:26-27.

Loubser, J. 1988. Boesmanrotsskilderye van Knellpoort word by museum gehuisves. Museum News 35:15.

Loubser, J. 1988. The Venda drums in the museum. Museum News 35:30-31.

Loubser, J. 1989. The Venda divining bowl in the museum. Museum News 36:18-19.

Loubser, J. 1990. Venda pottery and origins. Culna 38: 27-28.

Loubser, J. 1990. The story of Soai: Bushman painters and engraver. Culna 39:21-25.

Loubser, J. 1990. Founding of the Transgariep Branch of the South African Archaeological Society. The Digging Stick 7:10.

Loubser, J. 1990. Case hardening, silica skins and some ethical considerations in the conservation of rock paintings. Pictogram 3:1-2.

Loubser, J. 1990. Removals and in situ conservation: strategies and problems in rock art conservation at the National Museum, Bloemfontein. Pictogram 3:2-5.

Loubser, J. 1991. The model of Dzata at the National Museum. Culna 40:24-25.

Loubser, J. & den Hoed, P. 1991. Recording rock paintings: some thoughts on methodology and technique. Pictogram 4:1-5.

Loubser, J., Loubser, S. & Lipschitz, N. 1991. Digging for roots: material reminders of life at Bankfontein Collieries, Breyten. The Digging Stick 8:1-3.

Loubser, J. 1992. Materials used by Bushmen to make rock paintings. Culna 42:16-17.

Loubser, J. 1992. The significance of Bushman rock paintings. Cura 1:3-5.

Loubser, J. 1993. Bushman rock paintings in the eastern Orange Free State as a potential tourist attraction. Tourism News 2:8-11.

Loubser, J. 1993. The conservation of San art. Council for the Environment Information Bulletin, August: 5-7.

Loubser, J. 1993. Rock paintings of men with muskets near Smithfield. Culna 44:6-8.

Moodley, S. 2005. Rock Art and our National Coat of Arms. Culna. 60: 3

Moodley, S. 2005. Public Rock Art Sites of southern Africa: Game Pass Shelter, Kamberg Nature Reserve. Culna. 60: 10-12.

Moodley, S. 2007. Public Rock Art Sites in the Free State: Oldenburg – Place of the eland. Culna. 62: 22-23.

Moodley, S. 2008. Rock Art for Sale? Culna. 63: 2-4

Ouzman, S. 1994. In search of symbols: rock art past, present and future. Culna 47:5-8.

Ouzman, S. 1994. Rain from the mountain of Zion. The Digging Stick 11:2-5.

Ouzman, S. 1995. Lessons from the old masters: San rock art and Pierneef. Culna 48:24-28.

Ouzman, S. 1995. Discovering and documenting San rock art: what you can do for southern African history. Culna 49:8-10.

Ouzman, S. & Botha, C. 1995. Poser from the past: the case of the curved, crafted and utterly mysterious bone object from Burgersdorp. The Digging Stick 12:7-9.

Ouzman, S. et al. 1995. Reply to R.G. Bednarik's 'J.D. Lewis-Williams and Alex Wilcox: crucial differences'. Pictogram 7:16-17.

Ouzman, S. 1996. Debate: Sunlight on the sand. Vuka SA 1:66.

Ouzman, S. 1996. The San rock art displays of the National Museum. Culna 50:16-20.

Ouzman, S. 1996. An engraved touchstone from the Free State. The Digging Stick 13:1-3.

Ouzman, S. 1996. A brief history of rock art research in the eastern Free State, South Africa. 14th biennial conference of the Southern African Association of Archaeologists post-conference excursion guide: 28-36.

Ouzman, S. 1996. Archaeological symbols for the rainbow nation. World Archaeological Congress News 4:21-22.

Ouzman, S. 1996. The silenced voice: opinion and policy on the status of the San and their objects in southern Africa. World Archaeological Congress News 4:xi.

Ouzman, S. 1996. The shocking tale of the fish and the whale: San rock paintings of mormyrid fish. Ichthos 50:7-9.

Ouzman, S. & Henderson, Z.. 1996. Conference report on the 14th biennial conference of the Southern African Association of Archaeologists, Bloemfontein, 1-8 July 1996. World Archaeological Congress News 4:10-11.

Ouzman, S. 1997. Public rock art sites of the Free State: Tandjesberg. Culna 52:32-34.

Ouzman, S. 1997. Mooiplaas revisited: following footprints old and new. Southern African Association of Archaeologists Newsletter 47:61-62.

Ouzman, S., Taçon P.S.C., Fullagar, R. & Mulvaney, K. 1997. The world’s oldest rock art? Cupule engravings from the Top End of Australia. The Digging Stick 14(3):4-7.

Ouzman, S. 1998. Public rock art sites of the Free State: Stowlands. Culna 53:3-4.

Ouzman, S. 1998. A tale of three Bushman rock painting sites in the eastern Free State of South Africa. Dual Congress of the International Association for the Study of Human Palaeontology & International Association of Human Biologists post-conference excursion guide: 29-39.

Ouzman, S. 1998. A painted fragment of Bushman history from Qwa Qwa National Park, South Africa. The Digging Stick 15(2):4-7.

Ouzman, S. 1999. Rock art lives to tell of ages past. The Express, 27-29 January:25.

Ouzman, S. 1999. Reply to Elspeth Parry’s comment on ‘A painted fragment of Bushman history from Qwa Qwa National Park, South Africa’ The Digging Stick 16(1):8-10.

Ouzman, S. 1999. Public rock art sites of the Free State: Magical Modderpoort. Culna 54:12-13,16.

Ouzman, S. 1999. 'Koeka ka kie, hents op bokkor of ik schiet!' Introducing the rock art of the South African Anglo-Boer War, 1899-1902. The Digging Stick 16(3): 1-5

Tlhapi, G. 1999. Cave walls breathe tales of Bushman age.The Express, 10th – 12th March: 18.

Ouzman, S. 2000. Public rock art sites of South Africa: Schaapplaats.Culna55:27-28.

Ouzman, S. 2000. The archaeology of rock-art: toward a mindscape of landscape.Toposcope31:71-80.

Ouzman, S. 2000. Response to Legassick, M. & C. Rasool. Skeletons in the cupboard: South African museums and the trade in human remains 1907-1917: 88-90. Cape Town: South African Museum & McGregor Museum.

Ouzman, S. & Loubser, J. 2000. Art of the apocalypse: southern Africa’s Bushmen Left the Agony of their End Time on Rock Walls. Discovering Archaeology 2(5):38-45.

Eastwood, E., Ouzman, S. & MacWhirter, D. 2000. Koaxa’s shelter: the first public rock art site in the Limpopo-Shashi confluence area of South Africa. The Digging Stick 17(1):1-6.

Ouzman, S. 2000. Archaeology, music and the southern African landscape. Fanfare 2(2):14.

Ouzman, S. 2001. Scaping the land. Introduction to Strijdom van der Merwe's 'Dialogue: drawing white chalk lines in rocks' exhibition, Stellenbosch, South Africa. 13 March - 1 April 2001.

Morris, D. Ouzman, S. & Tlhapi, G. 2001. The Tandjesberg San rock art rehabilitation project: from catastrophe to celebration. The Digging Stick 18(1):1-4.

Ouzman, S.G. 2001. The problems and potentials of developing and managing public rock art sites in southern Africa. Pictogram 12:4-13.

Ouzman, S. 2001. Spoors to the Spirit World. In: Bassett, S.T. (ed.). Rock paintings of South Africa: revealing a legacy: 84-86. Cape Town: David Phillip.

Ouzman, S. 2001. The Great Dance. In: Bassett, S.T. (ed.). Rock paintings of South Africa: revealing a legacy: 108-109. Cape Town: David Phillip.

Ouzman, S. 2002. Thomas Baines’ ‘lost’ rock art site: a 152 year-old mystery solved. The Digging Stick 19(1): 6-7.

Ouzman, S. 2002. Archälogie der Innewelt: mindscape und Felskunst der San in Südafrika. Hagia Chora 12/13: 34-39.

Ouzman, S. 2002. Public Rock Art Sites of Southern Africa: Thaba ya Sione. Culna 57:11-13.

Ouzman, S. & Feely, J. 2002. Black or White? The identification and significance of rhinoceros in South African Bushman rock art. The Digging Stick 19(2):9-12.

Tlhapi, G. 2001. Public rock art sites as tourist attractions and outdoor classrooms. Culna 56: 20-21.

Tlhapi, G. 2002. Practical and ethical ways of developing South Africa s Public Rock Art Sites. Culna 57:34-3

Book Reviews

Loubser, J. 1991. Review of Bahn, P. & Rosenfeld, A. (eds.). 1991. Rock art and prehistory. Pictogram 4:12-14.

Loubser, J. 1993. Review of Woodhouse, H.C. 1992. The rain and its creatures. The Digging Stick 10:8-10.

Ouzman, S. 1995. Review of Whitley, D.S. & Loendorff, L.L. (eds.). 1994. New light on old art: recent advances in Hunter-gatherer rock art research. South African Archaeological Bulletin 50:89-90.

Ouzman, S. 1996. Review of Woodhouse, H.C. 1996. The rock art of the Golden Gate and Clarens Districts: an enthusiast’s guide. Rivonia: William Waterman Publications. South African Archaeological Bulletin 51:117-119.

Ouzman, S. 1998. Conversations that captivate, paintings as postscripts. Review article of Deacon, J. & Dowson, T.A. (eds.). 1996. Voices from the past: /Xam Bushmen and the Bleek and Lloyd collection. Johannesburg. Witwatersrand University Press and Schoeman, K. 1997. A debt of gratitude: Lucy Lloyd and the ‘Bushman work’ of G.W. Stow. Cape Town: South African Library. South African Archaeological Bulletin 53 (167):39-43.

Tlhapi, G. 1999. Review of Lewis-Williams, J.D. & Dowson, T.A. 1999. Images of power: understanding San rock art. 2nd Edition. Johannesburg: Southern Book. Southern African Field Archaeology 8(2):108.


Loubser, J. 1990. Guest editorial: Skeletons in our cupboards: archaeologists and conservation. South African Archaeological Bulletin 45:71-72.

Loubser, J. 1991. Editorial: Conserving cultural material, a neglected necessity in South African museums. Culna 40:3.

Ouzman, S. 1996. Guest editorial: Archaeo-tourism and images of Africa. Southern African Field Archaeology 5:57-58.

Ouzman, S. 1997. Guest editorial: Translating archaeology. Southern African Field Archaeology 6(2):57-60.

Ouzman, S. 1998. Translating museums. Culna 53:1.

Ouzman, S. 1999. Guest editorial: Indigenous intellectual property rights. Southern African Field Archaeology 8(2):57-59.

Edited works

Ouzman, S. (ed.). 1995. The wind blows dust…traces of the /Xam and other San of the central interior. Bloemfontein: Quali-Press.

Ouzman, S. 1997. Guest editor of World Archaeological Congress Newsletter: Southern Africa Focus 5:i-xvi.

Video productions

Executive producer of rock art Documentary for Bophutatswana Television. March 1995.

Executive producer of 'The Wind Blows Dust…' walkabout video tour. July 1995.

Internet productions / publications

Ouzman, S. 1996. A rupicoline reminisces on the parallel rumgumptions, retromingencies and rixations of South African and Australian rupestrian researchers. New England Archaeological News 7:4-7. URL:¬ARCH/NEAN/NEAN/html.

Ouzman, S. 1997. The World Archaeological Congress Newsletter: Southern Africa Focus 5(1):i-xvi.

Ouzman, S. 1999. Moderator of ‘Rock Art’ discussion group on SA Museums Online.

Ouzman, S. 2002. Ambiguity and ambition for European rock art on-line. Review of EuroPreArt: European Prehistoric art: past signs and present memories. Before Farming 2002/2(9).