Exhibits
 
 

Archaeology

The exhibition offers a wide-ranging view of past human activities in the central interior of South Africa, and the principle of archaeological stratigraphy is a central component in the display. The exhibition also includes a representative display of stone tools used by prehistoric humans, a reconstruction of prehistoric metal production, a display on the Iron Age settlements as well as more recent farming communities in the Free State, a reconstruction of a sandstone cave containing prehistoric rock art and a Stone Age hunting scene from the well-known Florisbad archaeological terrain located 45 km northwest of Bloemfontein. The hunting scene is an archaeological reconstruction based on the fossil and cultural remains left behind at Florisbad by human hunters more than a 120 000 years ago.

 

Clay pots retrieved from a Late Iron Age site near Winburg (Free State).

 

A chronological depiction (right to left) of Stone Age and Iron Age implements ranging from as early as 1,4 million years ago (Early Stone Age) to as recent as 500 years ago (Iron Age). The stone tools are evidence of ancient decision-making processes and provide insight into adaptations in human cognitive and social behaviour.

 

The depiction of an archaeological excavation in progress and archaeologists at work.

 

Reconstruction of a sandstone cave containing ancient rock paintings. Rock art is a very old tradition in South Africa, going back almost
30 000 years.