Culna - Magazine of the National Museum

Culna, previously known as National Museum News, is a popular magazine with articles written by Museum staff members on topics related to the Museum. It is published at the end of each year, and distributed free of charge to all schools and Libraries in the Free State Province and to interested members of the public who subscribe to the magazine.

Latest issue

Volume 72 Nov. 2017View ISSUU Edition

CULNA 72 Contents PDF 1 MEG



Volume 71 Nov. 2016View ISSUU Edition

CULNA 71 Contents PDF 1 MEG


DE GRAAFF, B. & BOTES, M. Ek, Goliath Yzerbek. pp. 3-5 PDF 3.6 MEG

GOITSEMODIMO, G.A. Mural Art in South Africa. pp.6-7 PDF 2 MEG

NEETHLING, J.A. The Eight-legged Actor - The character we all love to hate. pp. 8-9 PDF 2.5 MEG

DU BRUYN, D. 'No liquor for me, I only take tea!' The story of the Independent Order of True Templars foundation stone in the Batho exhibition.  pp. 10-11 PDF 2.6 MEG

HAASBROEK, H. Marie Visser - Eerste Bloemfonteinse vrouestadsraadslid. pp. 12-13 PDF 2 MEG

HUGO-COETZEE, L. Mites at the beach.  pp. 14-15 PDF 2 MEG

HAVENGA, S. The patter of tiny feet.  pp. 16-17 PDF 1.9 MEG

PRETORIUS, T. The Tattoos of Otzi the Iceman.  pp. 18-19 PDF 2.8 MEG

DU PLESSIS, E. The gun that won the west - The story of the Winchester rifle. pp. 20-21 PDF 2 MEG 

KRIEK, J. Public rock art sites in southern Africa: Farm Aar Geo Park, Namibia.  pp. 22-24  PDF 5 MEG


International Museum Day

Heritage Day

Vêrlander Exhibition






Volume 70 Nov. 2015View ISSUU Edition

CULNA 70 Contents PDF371 KB


DU BRUYN, D. Bloemfontein se Kristallnacht - 13 Mei 1915. pp. 3-5 PDF 2.7 MEG

NEETHLING, J.A. The secret lives of pseudoscorpions. pp. 6-7 PDF 2 MEG

HAASBROEK, H. 'n Plein, is 'n plein, is 'n plein - Hoffmanplein weer opgetooi. pp. 8-10 PDF 2.4 MEG

DU BRUYN, D. A garden is not a garden without a hedge - the story of the Segoe family's Batho garden. pp. 11-13 PDF 2 MEG

KRIEK, J. Public rock art sites of southern Africa - Erindi Private Game Reserve, Namibia. pp. 14-15 PDF 2 MEG

DU PLESSIS, J. Updating the red list of the mammals of South Africa. pp. 16-17 PDF 1.7 MEG

GOITSEMODIMO, G.A. Music and dance in Africa. pp. 18-19 PDF 2.9 MEG

COETZEE, L. Die alomteenwoordige myte. pp. 20-21 PDF 1.6 MEG 

PHILIP, L. Message in a bottle - clues in glass. pp. 22-23 PDF 1.9 MEG

AVENANT, N. Die Grasveldbioom, vuur en klein soogdiertjies. pp. 24-25 PDF 2.5 MEG

LETSATSI, P. The life of Khuduga Edwin Koloti - liberation struggle stories from Batho. pp. 26-27 PDF 1.7 MEG

BOTES, M. Historiese Ramkraal-tronk - gedoem tot vernietiging? pp. 28-30 PDF 2.5 MEG

DU PLESSIS, E. Hoe langer die oorlog, hoe korter die rok - die invloed van die eerste wêreldoorlog op damesmodes. pp. 31-33 PDF 1.9 MEG

MAKHUBO, B.G. Phylogenetics and the discovery of cryptic species. pp. 34-35 PDF 1.8 MEG 


Nuwe Nasionale Museumgebou 100 jaar oud

National Science Week 2015

Operation Giraffe 


CULNA NEWS / NUUS pp. 40-47 PDF 6.7 MEG


NIGHT AT THE MUSEUM 2015 pp. 52-53 PDF 2.7 MEG


Volume 69, Nov. 2014

CULNA 69 Contents PDF 487 KB


HAASBROEK, H Vlieëweek in Bloemfontein. pp. 3-5 PDF 700 KB

LE ROUX, E., MALAN, L. & DE KOCK Y. Dora Scott - An extraordinary woman. pp 6-7. PDF 546 KB

DU BRUYN, D. Colour me Batho - A township's true colours. pp. 8-10. PDF 1.25 MEG

DU PLESSIS, J. Rooijakkals- en rooikat-bestuur en die rol van predatore in 'n ekosisteem. pp. 11-13. PDF 932 KB

COETZEE, G. Sprinkane - Die agtste plaag. pp. 14-15. PDF 766 KB

DU PLESSIS, E. Weapons that changed the face of World War I. pp. 16-19. PDF 1 MEG

CODRON, J. Would culling really fix the 'elephant problem'? pp. 20-21. PDF 709 KB

KRIEK, J. Public Rock Art Sites - Mokala National Park. pp. 22-23. PDF 1.32 MEG

HUGO-COETZEE, L. Soil mites on guard. pp. 24-25. PDF 724 KB

BOTES, M. Kwaksalwery en kure in die laat 19de-eeuse Bloemfontein. PDF 527 KB

LETSATSI, P. The uncertain future of Bloemfontein's Fourth Raadsaal. pp. 28-29. PDF 692 KB

CODRON, D. Recreating the past - Lifestyles revealed by fossils. pp. 30-31. PDF 619 KB

HAVENGA, S. Albert Meyerhof - An 'enemy alien'. pp. 32-33. PDF 1.68 MEG

BATES, M.F. The Southern African Reptile Conservation Assessment (SARCA) and the Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. pp. 34-35. PDF754 KB

LETSATSI, P. Batho's liberation heritage - The story of Lehlohnolo Cambridge Moloisane. pp. 36-37. PDF 582 KB

DU PLESSIS, E. Blankets for royalty - The story of the Basotho blanket. pp. 38-39. PDF 817 KB


Batho exhibition opened.

Museum tractors restored.


CULNA NUUS / NEWS pp. 42-49 PDF 2.4 MEG

PERSONEEL / STAFF pp. 50-52 PDF 1.06 MEG


Volume 68, Nov. 2013

CULNA 68 Contents PDF 400 KB


BISHOP, S. Volcanic South Africa. pp. 3-5 PDF 2.2 MEG

GOITSEMODIMO, G.A. Southern African basketry. pp. 6-7 PDF 1.3 MEG

DU BRUYN, D. Mother Emma's new world - An Anglican nun in Bloemfontein. pp. 8-10 PDF 2.2 MEG

COETZEE, L. Grondmyte en die stryd teen waterhiasinte. pp. 11-13 PDF 2.2 MEG

BOTES, M. Oddfellows en Buffaloes - Minder bekende organisasies in 19de-eeuse Bloemfontein. pp. 14-16 PDF 2.3 MEG

DU PLESSIS, E. Voorlaaier van die Voortrekker. pp. 17-19 PDF 2.2 MEG

HUGO-COETZEE, L. What's in a name? From Hitler to the vuvuzela. pp. 20-21 PDF 1.6 MEG

HAASBROEK, H. Francis Reitz - Eerste voorsitter van die Nasionale Museum se bestuurskomitee. pp. 22-23 PDF 2.2 MEG

NEL, E. O ... Koekemakranka! pp. 24-25 PDF 1.4 MEG

AVENANT, N. The bats of Lesotho. pp. 26-27 PDF 1.2 MEG

COETZEE, G. Bulhoek, meer as net 'n feesterrein. pp. 28-29 PDF 1.3 MEG

DE SWARDT, D. The Egyptian Vulture - A tool-using bird. pp. 30-31 PDF 1.6 MEG

HAVENGA, S. Bottoms-up! The story of tankards. pp. 32-33 PDF 1 MEG

DU BRUYN, D. The storyof a township garden. Mogrey's family recollections. pp. 34-36 PDF 2.4 MEG


Restourasiewerk op Florisbad. p. 37

Die Groot Trek - 175 jaar. p. 38

Uncovering the slow origin of mammals. p. 39

Picture perfect: Photographing a kitchen for the Barho exhibition. p. 40




Acarologists and the Soil Ecosystem research Group. p. 43

Aragnoloog woon kongres in Taiwan by. p. 43

Batho Project staff visit Belgium. p. 43

Biodiversity and global change in Southern Africa. p. 43

Rooi-datalys vir spinnekoppe. p. 43

Director attends Pan-African Ornithological Congress. p. 44

Belge besoek Museum. p.44

Herpetologist attends conference in Pretoria. p. 44

Entomology receives funding for digitization. p. 44

Field work in the Western Cape. p. 44

Field work in Namibia and Zambia. p. 45

Joint field excursion for Ornithology. p. 45

Museum reaches out to Batho on Mandela Day. p. 45

Mammalogy contributions at conferences. p. 45

Museum Research Associate assists with Swiss research camp. p. 46

Mammalogy collaboration. p. 46

Museum staff attend heritage course in Grahamstown. p. 46

Navorser besoek Israel. p. 46

Palaeontologist attends international palaeohistology symposium. p. 47

Snake awareness and venomous snake handling course. p. 47

Pre-schoolers at the National Museum in 2013. p. 47

South African heritage Resource Information System. p. 48

Specimens of family of rare flies discovered in the Western Cape. p. 48

Visitors to the Mammalogy Collection. p. 48


Appointments / Aanstellings pp. 49-50

Graduations / Grade ontvang p. 49

Retirements / Aftredes pp. 50-51

Long Service Awards / Langdienstoekennings



Volume 67, Nov. 2012

Culna 67

CULNA 67 Contents PDF 368 KB


HAASBROEK, H. Hillandale - 'n Bloemfonteinse plaas met historiese voetspore. pp. 3-5 PDF 1.1 MB

DOUGLAS, R. Whistling Thorn Acacias and their ant defenders. pp. 6-7 PDF 870 KB

LOTZ, L. Bogstories oor spinnekoppe. pp. 8-9 PDF 513 KB

DU BRUYN, D. Miss Coplestone's Schoolroom pp. 10-11 PDF 795 KB

VAN STADEN, A. Karnivoriese plante - omgekeerde eetgewoontes. pp. 12-14 PDF 1,07 MB

BISHOP, S. Far more than just black dirt ... pp. 15-17 PDF 666 KB

BOTES, M. "Bridge over troubled water" - Bloemfontein se ou stadsbrûe. pp. 18-20 PDF 834 KB

BATES, M.F. Monitors - giants of the lizard world! pp. 21-23 PDF 1.35 MB

GOITSEMODIMO, A. Changes in Sotho pottery. pp. 24-25 PDF 585 KB

HUGO-COETZEE, L. Die kortafstand ... vir insekte. pp. 26-27 PDF 730 KB

LETSATSI, P. Batho's street names - a rich historical reference. pp. 28-29 PDF 572 KB

AVENANT, N. Rooikat- en jakkalsprobleme: die rooies, die groenes, die blindes en die opportuniste. pp. 30-32. PDF 1.06 MB

COETZEE, G. Blik, jou ou doring! p. 33 PDF 494 KB



Acarology Conference in Vienna, Austria. p. 36

World Conference of Herpetology in Vancouver, Canada. p. 36

Head of Rock Art has book published. p. 36

Twee personeellede benoem vir Bloemfonteiner van die Jaar-wedstryd. p. 36

Visitors to the Mammalogy Collection. p. 36

Guest Editor of special issue of African Invertebrates. p. 37

Ornithology Conference in Port Elizabeth. p. 37

Besoek van Britse rolprentspan. p. 37

Mammalogy Research collaborators. p. 37

Mammalogy Contributions at conferences. p. 37

Fischer-biograaf neem deel aan sesde Franschhoek -letterkundefees. p. 38

Belgiese dosent besoek Museum. p. 38

Research Associate appointment, University of Washington. p. 38

Astronomy fair. p. 38

Zaza besoek Museum. p. 38

Pasella at the Museum. p. 39

Unearthing the past. p. 39

Honorary Research Associate - Jacqueline Codron. p. 39

Honorary Research Associate - Daryl Codron. p. 40

Historikus ontvang Sala-prys. p. 40

Collaborative white-eye research. p. 40

Birds of Prey seminar at De Hoop Nature Reserve. p. 40

Research visit by world authority on muscid flies. p. 40

National Science Week highlights. p. 41

Secretarybird fitted with satellite transmitter. p. 41

Return visit by staff of Museum of Southwestern Biology, New Mexico, USA. p. 41

Museum accessible for the blind. p. 41

Museum gedenk Titanic-tragedie. p. 42

National Museum does it for Mandela Day. p. 42

Workshops for educators. p. 42

Holiday programmes at libraries. p. 42

Oliewenhuis Art Museum Educational activities. p. 42

How many visitors do we get at the Museum? p. 43

Museum on the move. p. 43


Appointments p. 44

Graduations p. 44

Retirements p. 45

Long service awards p. 45


Volume 66, Nov. 2011 Culna 66

CULNA 66 Contents PDF 374 KB


BOTES, M. "Oprechte Schulpad Sop en Dronkmaak Koek" Bloemfonteinse eetgewoontes in die laat 19de eeu.  pp. 3-5 PDF 775 KB

LETSATSI, P.  South Africa's Hip-Hop Heritage. pp. 6-7 PDF 1.4 MEG

AVENANT, N. Muise, muise ... net waar jy kyk.  pp. 8-9 PDF 436 KB

KRIEK, J. Public Rock Art Sites of Southern Africa.  Ha Baroana, Lesotho. pp. 10-11 PDF 1,06 MEG

COETZEE, L. Myte - het ons hulle nodig?  pp. 12-14 PDF 1 MEG

MARAIS, I. What is an e-book?  p. 15 PDF 382 KB

LOTZ, L. Spinnekop-legendes. pp. 16-17 PDF 1.03 KB

GOITSEMODIMO, G.A. Madimo: Truth versus Fiction. pp. 18-19 PDF 608 KB

HAASBROEK, H. Bram hier, Osama daar! pp. 20-21 PDF 525 KB

HUGO-COETZEE, L. Living Soil. pp. 22-23 PDF 710 KB

VAN STADEN, A. Skulpe - onbewoonde huise van die natuur. pp. 24-25 PDF 590 KB

DU BRUYN, D. Eric Lamb (1909-1980): Bloemfontein's Gentleman Nurseryman. pp. 26-27 PDF 776 KB

COETZEE, G. Dalk gedink dit is net 'n geroete ou blik? Aikona! pp. 28-29 PDF 818 KB

BISHOP, S. A brief history of Gondwana. pp. 30-31 PDF375 KB

BOTHA-BRINK, J. John Nyaphuli - The life story of an extraordinary man. pp. 32-33 PDF 783 KB


News from Oliewenhuis. p. 34

Fischer-boek sien die lig. p. 35

Boekedag p. 35

Museum Education department presents workshops for educators. p. 35

Belgian students gain experience at Museum. p. 35

Research at the Erfkroon fossil locality. p. 36

World's rarest fly re-discovered. p. 36

Research visitors to Entomology Department. p. 36

Librarians meet at the National Museum. p. 37

National Museum celebrates Mandela Day. p. 37

Mammalogist visits Germany. p. 37

Samewerking met Universiteit van Limpopo. p. 37

Versamelingsbestuur bied werkswinkels aan. p. 37

Nuwe mikroskoop vir Department Akarologie. p. 38

African Small Mammal Symposium, Swaziland. p. 38

'n Helpende hand vir Kindersorg. p. 38

Besoek van Volksblad-redakteur. p. 38

International Symposium on Palaeohistology. p. 38

International visitors. p. 39

Kwiltwerke in Freshford-huismuseum uitgestal. p. 39

Visitor at Palaeontology. p. 39

International collaboration. p. 39

Museum expertise employed by Heritage Free State. p. 39

Soil ecology workshop. p. 40

Loodglasvenster herstel. p. 40

National Science Week at the National Museum. p. 40

Pasella besoek die Nasionale Museum. p. 41

National Museum goes Hip-Hop for Heritage Day. p. 41

Visit to European museums. p. 42

SAMA Conference. p. 42

Freshford-huismuseum: Foto-kompetisie en -uitstalling. p. 42


Retirement p. 42

Long service awards p. 43

New appointments p. 43



Volume 65, Nov. 2010  Culna 65

CULNA 65 Contents PDF 311 KB


KIRK-SPRIGGS, A. The Boyekoli Ebale Congo expedition 2010. pp. 3-5  PDF 1,5 MEG

PHILIP. L. Pseudo-archaeology ... blame it on the aliens! pp. 6-8  PDF 2,1 MEG

HAVENGA, S. Charles Newberry and the Prynnsberg Legacy. pp. 9-11 PDF 736 KB

DOUGLAS, R. An amazing symbiotic relationship between the Sugar-pot Plant and rodent pollinators. pp. 12-13  PDF 797 KB

HAASBROEK, H. Die Fischer-honde. pp. 14-15  PDF 604 KB

DE SWARDT, D. Karoo and Drakensberg Prinias - the difference is in the spots! pp. 16-17  PDF 897 KB

GOITSEMODIMO, G.A. A cross-cultural view into the games of South African children. pp. 18-19  PDF 576 KB

AVENANT, N. & VON KASCHKE, M.  South African involvement in managing the Mondulkiri Protected Forest, north-east Cambodia. pp. 20-21 PDF 830 KB

BOTES, M. Bloemfontein se President Brand Rifles - 'n "aan die brand"-vrywilligerskorps. pp. 22-23  PDF 673 KB

BISHOP, S. New Zealand, moas and giant eagles.  pp. 24-25  PDF 429 KB

DU BRUYN, D.  The Batho heritage route. pp. 26-27  PDF 792 KB

LOTZ, L.N.  Identifikasie en benaming van spinnekoppe. pp. 28-29 PDF 694 KB

MARAIS, I. The Rosetta Stone - key to understanding hieroglyphic script.  pp. 30-31  PDF 1,2 MEG


          Lectures on biodiversity. p. 32

          Bird identification course. p. 32

          International Congress of  Acarology. p. 32

          Diski-partytjie. p. 32

          Museum staff receives degrees p. 33

               Lloyd Rossouw

               Elize Butler

               Patrick Letsatsi

          Researchers from Welsh university accompany Herpetology Department on field trip. p. 33

          In Conversation - Albert Luthuli & Nelson Mandela. p. 33

          International Congress of Dipterology, Costa Rica. p. 34

          Museum scientist receives recognition. p. 34

          National Museum involved in international research in Namibia. p. 34

          National Museum co-hosts international conference. p. 35

          Die Nasionale Museum vier Mandeladag. p. 35

          Mobiguide. p. 35

          Head of Education attends Nanoscience and Nanotechnology summer school. p. 35

          Mobile Museum visits Burgersdorp for International Museum Day. p. 35

          National Museum takes part in National Science Week 2010. p. 36

          National Museum celebrates the history of Free State soccer. p. 36

          Première shown at the National Museum. p. 36

          Visitor numbers at the Museum during 2010. p. 37

          Quaternary palaeontologist visits United States. p. 37

          Tornado tref Florisbad Kwaternêre Navorsingstasie. p. 37

          Congratulations. p. 37.

          Assistance to the national insect collection. p. 37

          Tydelike uitstalling van ons nasionale simbole. p. 38

          Buitelandse besoeker by die Departement Versamelingsbestuur. p. 38

          Nasionale Museum help NALN. p. 38

          Congress of the Palaeontological Society of Southern Africa. p. 38

          Head of Education wins award at the 74th Annual South African Museum Association Conference. p. 38

          Kongres van die Suid-Afrikaanse Vereninging vir Kultuurgeskiedenis in Bloemfontein aangebied. p. 38

          News from Oliewenhuis. p. 39

               Visit to galleries and museums in Johannesburg.

               International Museum Day.

               Walter Meyer, ten years later.


               Mbongeni Buthelezi.


          Langdienstoekennings / Long service awards. p. 40

          Nuwe aanstellings / New appointments. p. 40


Culna Volume 64, November 2009

Volume 64, November 2009

CULNA 64 Contents  PDF 386 KB


BATES, M.F. The egg-eating snakes of Africa. pp. 2-4  PDF 1,9 MEG

DU BRUYN, D.  A green and growing art - the topiary gardens of Batho. pp. 5-7  PDF 877 KB

AVENANT, N. Mammals of Lesotho. pp. 8-10  PDF 1,2 MEG

HAASBROEK, H.  ‘n Ambulanskorps vir die Vrystaatse rebelle. pp. 11-12  PDF 1,4 MEG

BISHOP, S.  Too ‘real’ to be real. How the ‘people’ in the Museum’s displays were made. pp. 13-14  PDF1,1 MEG

LOTZ, L.N.  Spin-spin - waar het spinnekoppe leer spin? pp. 15-16  PDF 1,5 MEG

HAVENGA, S. The telephone - “talking by lightning”. pp. 17-18  PDF 429 KB

HUGO, L.  Describing new species – how it is done. pp. 19-20  PDF 444 KB

BOTES, M.  “Mad Owen” – een van ou Bloemfontein se kleurrykste karakters. pp. 21-22  PDF 392 KB

DOUGLAS, R. The Scuttle Fly – a miniature garbage disposal unit. pp. 23-24  PDF 347 KB

COETZEE, G.  Vaalbank – eens ‘n plek van feeste, nou vergete. pp. 25-26  PDF 1,2 MEG

KIRK-SPRIGGS, A.H.  A major initiative on Afrotropical flies. pp. 27-28  PDF 805 KB

COETZEE, L. Ongewone bedmaats – huisstofmyte. pp. 29-30  PDF 1,9 MEG


A remarkable discovery of an extinct giant zebra. p. 31

Special visitor at Freshford House Museum. p. 31

Raad van die Nasionale Museum 2009. p. 31

Mobiguide. p. 31

First of three Darwin exhibits at the National Museum “Transitions and Extinctions”. p. 32

Belgian students participate in Museum project. p.32

Development of the fly collection. p. 32

African Diptera sorting facility. p. 32

Another National Museum researcher achieves NRF rating. p. 33

Soogdierkundige woon kongres in Argentinië by. p. 33

SAMA conference. p. 33

Eerste raadsaal en Waenhuismuseum kry nuwe baadjie. p.34

Visitors at the Mammalogy Department. p. 34

Head of Education at Museum attends African Science Communication Conference. p. 34

Museum’s participation in the International Year of Astronomy (ITA 2009). p. 34

News from Oliewenhuis p. 35

     Timbuktu: Script and scholarship exhibition.

     PPC Cement workshop.

     Sanlam Decade.

     Andrew Verster, Past/Present

          Herpetological Association of Africa Conference. p. 36

          Museum staff members receive degrees. p. 36

          Navorsers van Pretoria besoek Departement Geskiedenis. p. 36

          50th Anniversary Conference of the Zoological Society of Southern Africa. p. 36

          Mobile Museum’s first evaluation trip. p. 36

          Learners recycle feathers into christmas tree decorations. p. 37

          Professor J.J.R. van Pletzen 24 Julie 1922 – 27 Oktober 2009. p. 37

          First annual workshop – University of the Free State and National Museum. p. 37

          National Museum council members attend Department of Arts and Culture Induction Workshops. p. 38

          Fotokompetisie. p. 38

          ABET training. p. 38

          40 Years at the Museum. p. 38


          Langdienstoekennings 2009. p. 39

          Nuwe aanstellings / New appointments. p. 39

          Night at the Museum. p. 40


Volume 63, November 2008

CULNA 63 Contents  PDF 476 KB


MOODLEY, S. Rock art for sale? pp. 2-3  PDF 690 KB

AVENANT, N.  'n Museum vir gestremdes. pp. 4-6  PDF 1,3 MEG

DU BRUYN, D.  The Batho community history project.  pp. 7-8  PDF 535 KB

LE ROUX, E.  The cement and mosaic project at Oliewenhuis Art Museum. pp. 9-10  PDF 499 KB

HENDERSON, Z. & KOORTZEN, C.  Maloti Drakensberg transfrontier project. pp. 11-12  PDF 2,8 MEG

WESSELS, E.  Oliewenhuis-biblioteek. p. 13  PDF 425 KB

BISHOP, S.   Fallen from the heavens. pp. 14-16  PDF 632 KB

HUGO, L.   Goggas in die water. pp. 17-18  PDF 1,2 MEG

UYS, T.  Ammunition dumps of the Anglo-Boer war. pp. 19-20  PDF 580 KB

GOITSEMODIMO, A.  Traditional healers of Clarens. pp. 21-22  PDF 750 KB

HAASBROEK, H.  Bram Fischer en 'n seun soos Paul. pp. 23-24  PDF 493 KB

HAVENGA, S.  Exploring N'wana. pp. 25-27  PDF 2,5 MEG

COETZEE, G.  Welkomskraal - die raaisel verdiep. pp. 28-30  PDF 1,2 MEG

BATES, M.F.  Lang's Crag Lizard in the Free State. pp. 31-32  PDF 951 KB

DU PLESSIS, E.  Die bewapening van die twee Boererepublieke voor en tydens die Anglo-Boereoorlog 1899-1902. pp. 33-34  PDF 399 KB

PHILIP, L.  Garbology ... just a load of rubbish? pp. 35-36  PDF 591 KB

BOTES, M.  Bloemfontein se beroemde (of berugte?) wit perd.  pp. 37-38  PDF 392 KB

KRIEK, J.  Public rock art sites of southern Africa: Ha Liphapang, Lesotho. pp. 39-40  PDF 950 KB

LOTZ, L.N.  Hou die booswigte buite. Spinnekoppe se veiligheidshekke. p. 41  PDF 419 KB


          Museum 2007 instansie van die jaar. p. 42

          Fischer-doger open uitstalling. p. 42

          Visitor from Texas at Florisbad. p. 42

          Inauguration of the lift. p. 43

          Besoekers aan die Departement Soogdierkunde. p. 43

          Sensitiwiteitsopleiding deur die Vereninging van Persone met Gestremdhede. p. 44

          Mokgahl'a Thesele visits Museum. p. 44

          Introductory course in ceramic conservation. p. 44

          Belgiese studente help Museum met Batho-projek. p. 45

          Herpetology conference in Brazil.  p. 45

          Visitor at the Florisbad Quaternary Research Department. p. 45

          Gemeenskapsprojek deur die Nasionale Museum. p. 46

          Antarctica roadshow. p. 46

          Museum ornithologists attend 12th Pan-African Ornithological Congress. p. 46


          Nuwe aanstellings / New appointments. p. 47

          Langdienstoekennings / Long service awards. p. 48

          Aftredes / Retirement. p. 48


Culna 62 CoverVolume 62, November 2007

CULNA 62 Contents  PDF 82 KB


AVENANT, N. Forum - Rooikatte en Rooijakkalse - Is daar hoop vir kleinveeboerdery in Suid Afrika? pp. 3-5  PDF 680 KB

DU BRUYN, D.  Voices of the Past – The National Museum's oral history projects. pp. 6-7  PDF 485 KB

BISHOP, S.  To make an Elephant. pp. 8-9  PDF 489 KB

BOTES, M.  Hoe ry die poskar hop hop so… pp. 10-11  PDF 444 KB

BATES, M.F. Cape Cobras and Mole Snakes – Heavyweights of the Free State snake population! pp. 12-13  PDF 474 KB

MARAIS, I.  The Willow Pattern. pp. 14-15  PDF 414 KB

HUGO, L.  The sex life of soil mites. pp. 16-17  PDF 312 KB

HAVENGA, S.  Shweshwe. pp. 18-19  PDF 386 KB

HAASBROEK, H.  Die stryd om gemengde baaiery in Bloemfontein. pp. 20-21  PDF567 KB

MOODLEY, S.  Public Rock Art sites in the Free State: Oldenburg – the place of the eland. p. 22  PDF 237 KB

COETZEE, G & UYS, T.  The identification of objects from an Anglo-Boer War rubbish dump. pp. 23-25  PDF 633 KB

ROSSOUW, L.  Cereal for breakfast? Direct evidence of grass in the diet of Later Stone Age people. pp. 26-27  PDF 403 KB

SEAMAN, H. Carl Linnaeus – His life and achievements. p. 28  PDF 260 KB

MOHLAKANE, T.  Heritage sites in South Africa. pp. 29-30  PDF 369 KB

Die Museum vier 130 jaar! pp. 31-32  PDF 375 KB


Museum introduced to public by DVD. p. 33

Prestigious award to curator of Oliewenhuis, Sharon Crampton. p. 34

Oorgrensveldwerk. p. 34

Opleiding van studente. p. 34

Besoekers aan die Departement Soogdierkunde. p. 35

British Council Science Communication Skills Seminar. p. 36

Waardevolle erflating aan Departement Plantkunde. p. 36

Soogdierkundige woon kongres in Oxford by. p. 37

Nasionale Museum lewer bydrae op die vierjaarlikse African Small Mammal Symposium. p. 37

Researchers from the National Museum attend international conference in Australia. p. 38

Internasionale Aragnologie-kongres. p. 38

First contact between the National Museum, Bloemfontein and the National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi. p. 38

Exciting fossil find. p. 39

Langdienstoekennings. p. 39

Oliewenhuis – Nuus en hoogtepunte / News and highlights. pp. 40-41

Barloworld Nissan, Bloemfontein, assists National Museum to obtain a new 4X4. p. 42

Fischer-boek in wording. p. 42

Grade ontvang. p. 43

Aftredes. p. 43


Nuwe aanstellings / New appointments. p. 44



Culna 61 coverVolume 61, November 2006


CODRON, D.  Evolution: Bad PR for Science or Bad PR of Science? pp. 3-4

AVENANT, N. Veldwerk te olifant in Kambodja. pp. 5-7

BOTES, M. Die Vrystaat se oranje choo-choo. pp. 8-9

BOTHA, J. A long time ago and not so far away – an ancient world in crisis? pp. 10-11

DE SWARDT, D. Hoep-hoepe en Kakelaars se chemiese oorlogvoering. pp. 12-13

HENDERSON, Z.  Walls and a remount farm: the Anglo-Boer War landscape of northern Bloemfontein. pp. 14-15

HUGO, L. Nov.  Myte – die agtbenige “ysbere” van Antarktika. pp. 16-17

HAASBROEK, H. Wolff Ehrlich – voorstryder vir Joodse belange in Bloemfontein. pp. 18-19

BISHOP, S.  Once upon a time on a planet called earth … pp. 20-21

LOTZ, L.N.  Bobbejane op agt bene. 22-23

CRAMPTON, S.  Valuable Art Collection returned to the people of South Africa. pp. 24-25

WESSELS, E.  Die Biblioteek van die Nasionale Museum – ‘n wonderlike bron van inligting. pp. 26-27

HAVENGA, S.  Republiek van die Oranje-Vrystaat het nooit eie munte gehad nie. pp. 28-29

COETZEE, L.  The Secretarybird – majestic hunter of the plains. pp. 30-31


University of the Free State and the National Museum sign memorandum of agreement. p. 32

Archaeology contracts office established. p. 32

Vrouedag by die Nasionale Museum. p. 33

National Science Week 2006. p. 33

The National Museum receives a valuable donation from the Natural History Museum in Paris. p. 34

Museum op DVD bekendgestel. p. 34

The oldest person to visit the Museum!! p. 35

The Florisbad skull gets its name back. p. 35

The new Archaeology hall and the 1969 moon landing. p. 36

Openingspreker by werkswinkel. p. 36

Archaeology Department: Collaborative research project. p. 37

Besoek aan Verenigde State van Amerika. p. 37

Besoekers aan die Departement Ornitologie. p. 37

Canadian palaeontologist visits the Museum. 38

Kongres in Viëtnam bygewoon. p. 38

Acarology conference in Amsterdam. p. 39

Besoek aan Spanje. p. 39

Preservation on a shoe-string. p. 40

Visitors at the Archaeology department. p. 40

Textile conservation workshop held at the National Museum. p. 40

Besoekers aan die Departement Soogdierkunde. p. 41

Konfyt vir Freshford. p. 41

Long service awards. p. 41

Aftredes. p. 42

New appointments / Nuwe aanstellings. pp. 43-44


Culna 60 CoverVolume 60, November 2005

CULNA 60  PDF 952 KB

MOODLEY, S.  Rock art and our national coat of arms. p. 3

HAASBROEK, J.  Dr. B.O. Kellner en die "Injurie-Zaak" van 1877 pp. 4-5

BATES, M.F.  Dwarf geckos have invaded Bloemfontein! pp.6-7

VAN STADEN, A.  Edelstene, verborge skatte van ons wêreld. pp. 8-9

MOODLEY, S. Public Rock Art sites of Southern Africa – Game Pass Shelter, Kamberg Nature Reserve. pp. 10-11

AVENANT, N.  Kleinsoogdiertjies: aanwysers van 'n gesonde ekosisteem. pp. 12-13

BISHOP, S.  Have you ever seen a planet? pp. 14-15

BOTES, M.  Miskoekvastrap. pp. 16-18

COETZEE, L.  Chiggers – Are your dogs biting their paws? pp. 19-20

BOSMAN, A.  Die duel. pp. 21-22

LOTZ, L.N.  Spinnerakke – webbe by dosyne. pp. 23-24

COETZEE, G.  Vroeë strafmetodes en openbare teregstellings. pp. 25-26

MOHLAKANE, T.  Education Department and Special Events. p. 27

BISHOP, S.  Children's Questions and comments (and some from adults). p. 28


Langdienssertifikate aan personeel oorhandig. p. 29

Polish Acarologist visits the National Museum. p. 30

Freshford-huismuseum Foto-kompetisie. p. 30

Historikus van museum skryf boek oor Cecilia Wessels. p. 31

Staff attend Reptile and Amphibian Congress. p. 31

Doktorsgraad toegeken. p. 31

Keramiekrestorasie by die Nasionale Museum. p. 32

National Museum palaeontologist attends International Congress. p. 32

Paper conservation course 19-29 July 2005. p. 33

Besoek aan Japan. p. 33

Spinnekopkongres in Bloemfontein. p. 33

St Nicholas' Children's Hospice art activities at Oliewenhuis Art Museum. p. 34

New appointments. p. 35-36


National Museum News / Nasionale Museum Nuus

Volume 1, October 1971

Curb the urge to collect. p. 1

One of the rarest animals. p. 2

Operasie Olifant. pp. 3-6

Volume 2, April 1972

Opname van diere in die Vrystaat. p. 1

Skoolprojekte: Die Boesmans. p. 2

Die man van Florisbad. p. 3-4

Die Museumbiblioteek. p. 5

Characteristics of mammals. p. 6

Volume 3, October 1972

Die Museum as opvoedkundige inrigting. p. 1

Skoolprojekte: Die opbou van ‘n insekversameling. pp. 2-3

"Beauty Bell" loop hom vas. p. 4

Die Eiervreter. p. 5

Volume 4, April 1973

Historiese kleredragte. p. 1

Skoolprojekte: Skelette - Preparering en montering. pp. 2-3

Pre-Inca cultural objects from South America. p. 4

John Weston: Aviation pioneer. p. 5

Opname van reptiele en amfibieë. p. 6

Volume 5, October 1973

Krokodille van veselglas. p. 1

Roberts to the rescue. p. 2

Skoolprojekte: verklaarde historiese monumente Bloemfontein. pp. 3-4

Operasie Seekoei. pp. 5-6

Voëls met ringe. p. 7

Volume 6, April 1974

Die Hapoor Saga. p. 1

Ngaka! p. 2

Shrews. p. 3

Volume 7, October 1974

Opname van argeologiese vindplekke in die OVS. p. 1

Dinosourusse. pp. 2-3

Kaokoveld-ekspedisie. p. 4

Volume 8, April 1975

Hippos in die Modder River. p. 1

Knopiespinnekoppe: Ken hulle uit. p. 2

Interessante fossiel uit Aliwal-Noord. p. 3

Die Begin van die Museumwese. p. 4

A parasite and a spider. p. 5

Volume 9, October 1975

Historiese kleredragte. p. 1

Vrystaatse Whisky. p. 2

The pangolin or itermago. p. 3

Versamel? Ja! maar nie fossiele of klipwerktuie nie. p. 4

Die ontwikkeling van die Museumwese. p. 5

Die ouderdom van gesteentes en fossiele. p. 6

"Ou Volk", an endangered species. p. 7

Die vier Museums van Bloemfontein. p. 8

Volume 10, April 1976

Erich Mayer 1876-1976. pp. 1-2

"Jackals" of the OFS. pp. 3-4

Naval Hill in herinnering. pp. 4-5

Eerste Museums in Suid-Afrika. p. 6

Volume 11, October 1976

Suid-Afrikaanse fossielrykdom: wat is ‘n fossiel; hoe vind fossilering plaas. p. 1

Museumversamelings. p. 2

Ystertydperk in die Botaniese tuin. p. 3

Brulpadda. p. 4

"Een Wilt paert geschooten". pp. 5-6

Volume 12, April 1977

Die Oranje Apotheek herleef. pp. 1-3

The first aeroplane flight in the OFS. p. 4

The greatest hunt in history took place in the OFS. p. 5

100 jaar: Nasionale Museum. p. 6

Volume 13, October 1977

20 Julie 1977: Opening van die Eerste Raadzaal - ‘n Fotobeeld. pp. 1-4

Mossies. p. 5

Volume 14, April 1978

DU PISANI, E. Apr. 1978. Die erfgename van Suidwes. pp. 1-2

LYNCH, C.D. Apr. 1978. Biological research: a waste of time and money? pp. 3-4

Volume 15, October 1978

VAN HEERDEN, J. Sept. 1978. Mammal-like reptiles. pp. 5-8

OBERHOLZER, J.J. Sept. 1978. Opening van die "Lewende Geskiedenis" op 7 November. pp. 10-11

ANONYMOUS. Sept. 1978. Old sketches discovered. pp. 11

LYNCH, C.D. Sept. 1978. Reedbuck and Rhebuck. pp. 12

Volume 16, April 1979

OBERHOLZER, H. Apr. 1979. A service to nursery schools. pp. 1-3

OBERHOLZER, H. Apr. 1979. "Hents op bokkor of ik schiet". p. 6

VAN HEERDEN, J. Apr. 1979. Leefwyse in die Vrystaatse hoofstad in die vroeë 20ste eeu. pp. 7-11

DREYER, C. Apr. 1979. Voorkoming is beter as genesing. p. 13

VAN HEERDEN, J. Apr. 1979. National Museum forum. p. 14

ANONYMOUS. Apr. 1979. Book review: Fossil reptiles of the South African Karoo. p. 15

DU PISANI, E. Apr. 1979. Zulu handicraft. p. 16

Volume 17, October 1979

ANONYMOUS. Oct. 1979. Huldeblyk aan Sep Roos. pp. 4-5

LYNCH, C.D. Oct. 1979. The genets and mongooses of the OFS. pp. 7-10

HAASBROEK, H. Oct. 1979. Genootskap Vrij-Statia. p. 11

HAASBROEK, H. Oct. 1979. Kellnerstraat 31. pp. 12-14

ANONYMOUS. Oct. 1979. Markgraafstraat 17. p. 15

DE WAAL, S. Oct. 1979. Skaapstekers. p. 16

Volume 18, April 1980

ANONYMOUS. Apr. 1980. Traffic laws way back when the penalty for parking was death. pp. 4-5

DU PISANI, E. Apr. 1980. James Drury: man who made the Bushman figures. pp. 6-7

HAASBROEK, H. Apr. 1980. 23 Februarie 1854: Oranje-Vrystaat aan boere op skinkbord geskenk. pp. 8-9

FARKAS, T. Apr. 1980. Die wilde kalkoen in die Oos-Vrystaat. pp. 12

JOUBERT, M. Apr. 1980. Hoffmanplein, Bloemfontein. pp. 10-11

Volume 19, October 1980

ANONYMOUS. Oct. 1980. Florisbad: Wetenskaplike vindplek by uitnemendheid. pp. 3-13

LYNCH, C.D. Oct. 1980. The origin of some scientific and vernacular mammalian names. pp. 14-16

Volume 20, April 1981

DU PISANI, E. Apr. 1981. Frederick en Adam Opperman: pioniers in eie reg. pp. 4-6

HAASBROEK, H. Apr. 1981."Ou Waenhuis". pp. 8-9

FARKAS, T. Apr. 1981. Voëllewe Korannaberg. pp. 12-13

ANONYMOUS. Apr. 1981. Superstitions about snakes. p. 16

Volume 21, October 1981

LYNCH, C.D. Oct. 1981. The Cape Grey Mongoose, Herpestes pulverulentus. pp. 3

ANONYMOUS. Oct. 1981. Forumlesing 1981: Die Slag van Majuba herleef. pp. 4

ANONYMOUS. Oct. 1981."Ou Musiek" in Museum. pp. 7

FARKAS, T. Oct. 1981. Swaeltjies se trekgewoontes. pp. 8-9

ANONYMOUS. Oct. 1981. Earliest fossil reptiles known from South Africa. p. 9

LOUW, S. Oct. 1981. Insects as food and medicine. pp. 10-11

Volume 22, April 1982

ANONYMOUS. Apr. 1982. Florisbad wetenskaplike advieskomitee vergader. pp. 3-4

ANONYMOUS. Apr. 1982. Drilling at Florisbad. p. 5

LYNCH, C.D. Apr. 1982. Alert eyes, ears and noses. p. 6

DU PISANI, E. Apr. 1982. Frederik Salomo (Salmon) Opperman gehuldig. p. 7

DREYER, J. Apr. 1982. Argeologie in die Museum. pp. 8-9

HAASBROEK, J. Apr. 1982. Oranje Vrystaatse vlag en wapen 125 jaar oud. pp. 10-11

LOUW, S. Apr. 1982. The spotted maize beetle. pp. 12-13

ANONYMOUS. Apr. 1982. Iris Ampenberger gehuldig. p. 13

FARKAS, T. Apr. 1982. Tuinmaak met voëls. pp. 14-15

Volume 23, October 1982

ENGELBRECHT, C.M. Oct. 1982. Soektog na klein diertjies. pp. 4-6

DU PISANI, E. Oct. 1982. Die etnologiese seksie: ‘n problematiese benaming. p. 7

VAN WYK, J.H. Oct. 1982. Die reptiele van die Oranje-Vrystaat. Deel I. pp. 8-11

LYNCH, C.D. Oct. 1982. The termite eaters. pp. 12-13

HAASBROEK, J. Oct. 1982. Rachel Isabelle Steyn. pp. 14-18

ANONYMOUS. Oct. 1982. Ammonites. p. 20

Volume 24, April 1983

VAN WYK, J.H. Apr. 1983. Nasionale Museum rekenariseer. pp. 3-4

LYNCH, C.D. Apr. 1983. The Rock Elephant Shrew. pp. 4-5

VAN WYK, J.H. Apr. 1983. Die reptiele van die Oranje-Vrystaat. Deel 2. pp. 6-8

EARLé, R.A. Apr. 1983. Voëlberinging, deel 1. pp. 9-10

POTGIETER, L.M. Apr. 1983. Die Passasierskip BLOEMFONTEIN. pp. 12-13

VAN DER BANK, D.A. Apr. 1983. Die Grand Teater. pp. 14-17

ANONYMOUS. Apr. 1983. Die Organisasie van die Nasionale Museum / The Organization of the National Museum. pp. 18-23

HAASBROEK, J. Apr. 1983. Die os, getroue trekdier. pp. 24-25

LOUW, S. Apr. 1983. Fossil beetles. pp. 26-27

Volume 25, October 1983

SCHUTTE, J.T. Oct. 1983. Taksidermie: Wat is dit? p. 3

WATSON, J.P. Oct. 1983. Vlermuise. pp. 4-5

LYNCH, C.D. Oct. 1983. Flying mammals. pp. 6-7

VAN DER BANK, D.A. Oct. 1983. Bethanie-Sendingstasie. pp. 8-9

EARLé, R.A. Oct. 1983. Voëlberinging, deel 2. pp. 10-11

DU PISANI, E. Oct. 1983. Some clay vessels formerly used by the South Sotho. pp. 12-13

VAN WYK, J.H. Oct. 1983. Die reptiele van die Oranje-Vrystaat. Deel 3. pp. 14-17

LOUW, S. Oct. 1983. Hoekom wetenskaplike name? p. 18

BRINK, J.S. Oct. 1983. Florisbad: ‘n Beeld van die oerjagvelde van die Vrystaat. p. 19

Volume 26, April 1984

VAN WYK, J.H. Apr. 1984. Is die ouvolk se dae getel? pp. 4-5

WATSON, J.P. Apr. 1984. Vlêrmuise van die OVS. pp. 6-7

BISHOP, S.D. Apr. 1984. Hats of the Southern Sotho. pp. 8-9

VAN DER BANK, D.A. Apr. 1984. Kleurglaspanele van die Oranje Hotel. pp. 10-11

RUBIDGE, B.S. Apr. 1984. South African fossils and the Russian Connection. pp. 12

VAN WYK, J.H. Apr. 1984. Die reptiele van die Oranje-Vrystaat. Deel 4. pp. 13-18

ZIETSMAN, P.C. Apr. 1984. Inheemse bome vir die tuin: geelhoutbome. pp. 20-21

ANONYMOUS. Apr. 1984. Nog lank nie sat vir museums. pp. 22-23

LOUW, S. Apr. 1984. Insect Sounds. pp. 24-25

HAASBROEK, J. Apr. 1984. Vanmelewe se "Woest Rijden" in Bloemfontein. pp. 25-27

Volume 27, September 1984

OBERHOLZER, J.J. & OBERHOLZER, G. Sept. 1984. Die Florisbadman en sy trawante leef. pp. 3-4

OBERHOLZER, J.J. Sept. 1984. Die wetenskaplike feite oor die "karakters" Floris, Mrs Ples, die Taung baba en Saldanha-man. p. 5

VENTER, M.A. Sept. 1984. Die legendariese Hannie Wolmarans. pp. 6-8

BATES, M.F. Sept. 1984. To kill or not to kill snakes. p. 9

VAN WYK, J.H. Sept. 1984. Die reptiele van die Oranje-Vrystaat. Deel 5. pp. 10-15

LYNCH, C.D. Sept. 1984. The large-spotted genet. pp. 16-17

EARLé, R.A. Sept. 1984. Koöperatiewe broeigewoontes van sekere Vrystaatse voëls. pp. 19-20

DU TOIT, E. Sept. 1984. He who will never keep a penny, will never have many. pp. 20-21

ANONYMOUS. Sept. 1984. Rekenaar: eietyds of outyds? pp. 22-23

ZIETSMAN, P.C. Sept. 1984. Inheemse bome vir die tuin: Kareebome. pp. 24-26

COETZEE, L. Sept. 1984. Oribatei. pp. 26-27

Volume 28, March 1985

ZIETSMAN, P.C. Mar. 1985. Inheemse bome vir die tuin: Kareebome. pp. 3-5

WATSON, J.P. Mar. 1985. Prikkelpop se doen en late. p. 5

DU TOIT, E. Mar. 1985. Die rol van F.W. Reitz in die stigting van die Nasionale Museum, Bloemfontein. pp. 6-8

BISHOP, S.D. Mar. 1985. The use of tobacco in Southern African Blacks. pp. 9-13

EARLé, R.A. Mar. 1985. Sommer net swaeltjies? pp. 13-15

VAN WYK, J.H. Mar. 1985. Die reptiele van die Oranje-Vrystaat, Deel 6. pp. 16-24

LYNCH, C.D. Mar. 1985. Clowns of the veld. pp. 25-26

VAN WYK, J.H. Mar. 1985. Paddablaas sy tuiste. pp. 27

RUBIDGE, B.S. Mar. 1985. Important new fossils at the Museum. pp. 28-29

DU TOIT, E. Mar. 1985. Freshford House Museum - Donations by the Harrison family. pp. 30-31

BESTER, B. Mar. 1985. Geraamtes in die kas. p. 32

DOUGLAS. R. Mar. 1985. What did the Skaapsteker have for dinner? pp. 33-34

ANONYMOUS. Mar. 1985. Waenhuismuseum: die deure is oop. pp. 35

Volume 29, September 1985

LOUW, S. Sept. 1985. Beetles and man. pp. 4-6

RUBIDGE, B.S. & BRINK, J.S. Sept. 1985. Geological Research at Florisbad. pp. 6-7

LYNCH, C.D. Sept. 1985. The once-in-a-lifetime return of Halley’s Comet. pp. 8-9

DU TOIT, E. Sept. 1985. Nasionale Museum kry Staatspresidentswoning! pp. 10-11

LYNCH, C.D. Sept. 1985. The Lesser (known) Dwarf Shrew. pp. 12-13

EARLé, R.A. Sept. 1985. Nuwe mierspesie ontdek. pp. 13

ENGELBRECHT, C.M. Sept. 1985. Knopiespinnekoppe. pp. 15-17

WATSON, J.P. Sept. 1985. Die Suid-Afrikaanse krimpvark. p. 18

VAN DER BANK, D.A. Sept. 1985. A short tribute to Canon Edgar Rose. pp. 19-21

DREYER, J.J.B. Sept. 1985. Argeologiese opgrawings op Doornpoort 19, Winburg. pp. 22-24

ANONYMOUS. Sept. 1985. Achilles. pp. 24-25

BISHOP, S.D. Sept. 1985. Traditional Dagga Usage. pp. 26-29

HAASBROEK, J. Sept. 1985. Die era van die transportryer. pp. 28-29

Volume 30, April 1986

ZIETSMAN, P.C. Apr. 1986. Diospyros. p. 7

LAMPRECHT, H.J.M. Apr. 1986. Videoprogramme in museums. p. 8

WATSON, J.P. Apr. 1986. Die klein gekolde kat. p. 9

ZIETSMAN, P.C. Apr. 1986. Die Vrystaat Provinsiale blom. p. 10

RUBIDGE, B.S. Apr. 1986. An exciting, over 240 million year old, fossil discovery for Museum. p. 11

VAN DER BANK, D.A. Apr. 1986. Die Oranjerivierkolonie. pp. 12-13

LYNCH, C.D. Apr. 1986. A rare find: the variable quillsnouted snake. p. 15

COETZER, A.C.M. Apr. 1986. ‘n Dame met ‘n besondere uitrusting. pp. 16-18

DOUGLAS, R.M. Apr. 1986. The mouths of babes. p. 19

PIETERSE, E. Apr. 1986. Die bontpootbosluis en Kongo-koors. pp. 20-21

BRINK, J.S. Apr. 1986. Florisbad: ‘n Kampeerterrein van meer as 40,000 jaar oud. p.22

LOUW, S. Apr. 1986. Insect champions. p. 24

HERHOLDT, J.J. Apr. 1986. Die sosiale gedrag en ekologie van die Swartpiek. pp. 25

DREYER, J.J.B. Apr. 1986. Klipmure vertel verhale. pp. 26-28

BISHOP, S. Apr. 1986. African headrests. pp. 29-30

Volume 31, October 1986

VAN DER BANK, D.A. Oct. 1986. Andries Zevenvrouw en "Koning" Koos Venter. p. 3

ZIETSMAN, L. Oct. 1986. Die Seeroogblom. p. 4

LYNCH, C.D. Oct. 1986. Termite mounds: a microcosm. pp. 5-6

COETZEE, C.J. Oct. 1986. Maphororong. p. 8

EARLé, R.A. Oct. 1986. Mossie en mens. pp. 9-10

BRINK, J.S. Oct. 1986. Die Florisbadman: Was Prof. Dreyer reg in sy interpretasie van die skedel? p. 12

ENGELBRECHT, C.H. Oct. 1986. Meubels van papier. pp. 13-14

DU PISANI, E. Oct. 1986. Some ideas held by local blacks about medicines and remedies. pp. 18-19

DREYER, J.J.B. Oct. 1986."Spreeupotte" en die Sotho-hut. pp. 20-21

DOUGLAS, R.M. Oct. 1986. How common are fossorial snakes? pp. 22-23

BISHOP, S.D. Oct. 1986. The Rolong of Thaba Nchu. pp. 24-25

PIETERSE, E. Oct. 1986. Die Jagspinnekopp. p. 26

ZIETSMAN, P.C. Oct. 1986. Die Soetdoring. p. 27

RUBIDGE, B.S. Oct. 1986. Fossil hunting by the National Museum and the man behind it. pp. 28-29

Volume 32, April 1987

BISHOP, S. Apr. 1987. Early years at Thaba Nchu and friendship between the Rolong and the Voortrekkers. pp. 3-4

ZIETSMAN, P.C. Apr. 1987. Die Witstinkhoutboom. p. 5

COETZEE, C.J. Apr. 1987. Maphororong - ‘n Raaisel word ondersoek. pp. 6-7

PIETERSE, C. Apr. 1987. Spinnekopstories. pp. 8-9

DREYER, J.J.B. Apr. 1987. Generaal C.R. de Wet argeologies ontmoet. pp. 10-11

EARLé, R.A. Apr. 1987. Slange, swaeltjies en ander staaltjies. pp. 12-13

ANONYMOUS. Apr. 1987. Opening of Freshford House Museum, Bloemfontein. pp. 14-15

BATES, M.F. Apr. 1987. Tortoises. pp. 16-17

HAASBROEK, J. Apr. 1987. Die Van Hoytemaskandaal. pp. 18-19

LYNCH, C.D. Apr. 1987. The White-tailed mouse: vulnerable but so what? pp. 20-21

DU TOIT, H. Apr. 1987. Spioenasiemetodes oopgevlek! p. 23

VAN DER BANK, D.A. Apr. 1987. Die Nasionale Museum: van St. Georgestraat na Wardenplein. pp. 24-25

DOUGLAS, R. Apr. 1987. Defence mechanisms in frogs. p. 26

Volume 33, September 1987

LYNCH, C.D. Sept. 1987. Mangaung: Place of the great cats. pp. 3-4

BOTES, M. Sept. 1987. The Trudie Kestell-modesaal. pp. 5-6

BISHOP, S. Sept. 1987. Relationships between chief Moroka of Thaba Nchu and the other chiefs in the area. pp. 8-9

LOUBSER, J. Sept. 1987. Die studie van Rotskuns in die Oranje-Vrystaat. p. 10

RUBIDGE, B. Sept. 1987. Fossils help to solve geological problem. pp. 11-13

COETZEE, K. Sept. 1987. Kannibalisme. pp. 14-15

CRAMPTON, S. Sept. 1987. Oliewenhuis: an art museum. pp. 16-17

ZIETSMAN, P.C. Sept. 1987. Die Blinkblaar-wag-’n-bietjie. pp. 22-23

ENGELBRECHT, C.M. Sept. 1987. Veldwerkkaskenades. pp. 24-25

MOHATLANE, E. Sept. 1987. Ditswa-Kotleng ya National Museum le maeto a thuto. pp. 26-27

DREYER, J.J.B. Sept. 1987. Die romantiek van argeologiese navorsing. pp. 28-29

ANONYMOUS. Sept. 1987. Argeologieprojek 1987. p. 30

Volume 34, April 1988

LOTZ, L.N. Apr. 1988. Kleurverandering by spinnekoppe. p. 3

DREYER, J.J.B. Apr. 1988. Evelina Makoena: pottemaakster. pp. 4-5

BOTES, M. Apr. 1988. Presidensie-staaltjies. pp. 6-7

BASSON, S. Apr. 1988. Die besoekersboek. p. 8

COETZEE, K. Apr. 1988. Koper in die Ystertydperk. pp. 10-11

BATES, M.F. Apr. 1988. Tortoises and Terrapins. pp. 12-14

VAN DER BANK, D.A. Apr. 1988. Bloemfontein-vloed van 1904. p. 15

CRAMPTON, S. Apr. 1988. The Bloemfontein Group: a heritage and destination. pp. 16-17

BRIEDENHANN, M. Apr. 1988. The memory lingers on. pp. 20-21

BISHOP, S. Apr. 1988. Thaba Nchu’s border problems: relationships between the Rolong and the White governments of the area. pp. 22-23

LOUW, S. Apr. 1988. Snuitkewers in die maaginhoude van voëls. pp. 24-25

LOUBSER, J.H.N. Apr. 1988. The Venda boats in the Museum. pp. 26-27

VISAGIE, E. Apr. 1988. Stinkbesie-lekkerny. pp. 28-29

HAASBROEK, J. Apr. 1988. Die Nasionale Museum: "Een weelde-artikel en geen noodzakelikheid"? pp. 30-31

LYNCH, C.D. Apr. 1988. Wild dog in the Orange Free State. pp. 32-33

Volume 35, October 1988

COETZEE, K. Oct. 1988. Sout van die aarde. pp. 3-5

ZIETSMAN, P.C. Oct. 1988. Kyk nog ‘n slag na die Blinkblaar-wag-’n-bietjie. pp. 6-7

DREYER, J. Oct. 1988. Die Hoffman-Angola-Ekspedisie. pp. 8-9

BASSON, S. Oct. 1988. Besoekersboek. p. 10

BRIEDENHANN, M. Oct. 1988. The grand old smoker. pp. 12-13

ANONYMOUS. Oct. 1988. Nuusbrokkies: Karoo fossils of international importance. p. 14

ANONYMOUS. Oct. 1988. Nuusbrokkies: Boesmantekeninge van Knellpoort word by Museum gehuisves. p. 15

BOTES, M. Oct. 1988."Always coffee on the President’s stove" pp. 16-17

LOUW, S. Oct. 1988. Insect night-life. pp. 18-19

LYNCH, C.D. Oct. 1988. Lion: a historic account. pp. 20-21

BATES, M.F. Oct. 1988. Two rare lizards from Rouxville and Aliwal-North. pp. 22-23

HAASBROEK, J. Oct. 1988. Protokolflater op Bloemfonteinstasie. pp. 24-25

BISHOP, S. Oct. 1988. Thaba Nchu since Moroka’s death in 1880. pp. 28-29

LOUBSER, J. Oct. 1988. The Venda drums in the museum. pp. 30-33

Volume 36, April 1989

NAUDé, M. Apr. 1989. Speelgoed: ‘n Fantasiewêreld. pp. 3-5

BOTES, M. Apr. 1989. Volksraadslid op markplein "verbrand". pp. 6-7

COETSEE, K. Apr. 1989. Ydelheid, jou naam is vrou. pp. 8-11

DU PREEZ, P.J. Apr. 1989. Veldagteruitgang: ‘n Bydraende faktor tot die 1988 vloede in die OVS. p. 14

HAASBROEK, J. Apr. 1989. Grondspekulasie voer die bo-toon in Oranjerivier-soewereiniteit. pp. 15-16

LOUBSER, J. Apr. 1989. The Venda divining bowl in the Museum. pp. 18-19

DOUGLAS, R.M. Apr. 1989. The Spotted house snake. pp. 20-21

LAMPRECHT, M. Apr. 1989. Die Gesiggiester. pp. 22-23

LYNCH, C.D. Apr. 1989. Roan/Gemsbok: a new species record for the Orange Free State. pp. 24-28

DREYER, J. Apr. 1989. Patroondoppies en datums: gebruiksartikels as dateringsmateriaal. pp. 26-28

DU TOIT, M. Apr. 1989. Die geskiedenis van plantversameling in Suid-Afrika. pp. 29-30

BRIEDENHANN, M. Apr. 1989. Fluttering plumes. pp. 31-32

BATES, M.F. Apr. 1989. The flat geckos of Thaba Phatshwa Mountain. pp. 33-34

Volume 37, October 1989

DOUGLAS, R.M. Oct. 1989. Some interesting facts on reptiles. pp. 3-4

BENDER, P. Oct. 1989. The hominid Australopithecus africanus: new evidence for an older age? p. 5

LYNCH, C.D. Oct. 1989. The Mountain Kingdom of Lesotho mammal survey. pp. 6-9

DU TOIT, M. Oct. 1989. Leipoldt se persoonlike herinneringe aan die plantkundige Rudolph Schlechter. pp. 10-12

BRIEDENHANN, M. Oct. 1989. The social conditions of needleworkers in the 1880s. pp. 13

BOTES, M. Oct. 1989."Bloemfontein knocked out of the Bloom": Hewige haelstorm in Bloemfontein 101 jaar gelede. pp. 14-16

RUBIDGE, B.S. Oct. 1989. Oldest evidence of rain (3 thousand million years) on display at the Museum. pp. 20-21

NAUDé, M. Oct. 1989. Die gang van tyd. pp. 22-23

WATSON, J. Oct. 1989. Klein mensies: hoekom lyk hulle so? pp. 24-25

DU PISANI, E. Oct. 1989. Laxatives, purgatives, emetics and enemas. pp. 26-27

COETZER, J.V. Oct. 1989. Perspektief in perspektief. pp. 28-29

COETZEE, K. Oct. 1989. Die doodskis was ‘n kleipot. pp. 30-32.

WELMAN, J. Oct. 1989. Is voëls en krokodille bloedfamilie? pp. 33

HAASBROEK, J. Oct. 1989."Mr Duff’s seat is not vacant". pp. 34-36

LOUW, R. Oct. 1989. Die probleme van die insamelaar. pp. 37-38

DREYER, J. Oct. 1989. Dr AC Hoffman, direkteur van die Nasionale Museum 1951-1969. pp. 40-42

BATES, M.F. Oct. 1989. Lizards and their tails. pp. 44-46


Volume 38, April 1990

BISHOP, S. Apr. 1990. Oliewenhuis koppie: an educational bonanza. pp. 4-5

BOTES, M. Apr. 1990. Heildronk-moles in die Eerste Raadzaal, 1854. pp. 6-8

RUBIDGE, B.S. Apr. 1990. Geological and fossil field excursions for scholars. pp. 9-10

LYNCH, C.D. Apr. 1990. The mammals of north-eastern Cape Province. pp. 11-12

DE SWARDT, D.H. Apr. 1990. Is suikervoëls en suikerbekkies verwant? pp. 13-14

HAASBROEK, J. Apr. 1990. Louter Wessels: vanity without limit. pp. 15-17

DOUGLAS, R.M. Apr. 1990. The birth of a dwarf chameleon. pp. 18-19

COETSEE, K. Apr. 1990. Die voorvaders roep. pp. 20-22

LOTZ, L. Apr. 1990. Die grondwonende spinnekoppe van die Florisbad Navorsingstasie. pp. 23-24

SMIT, M. Apr. 1990. How much living space? pp. 25-26

ANONYMOUS. Apr. 1990. RGN gedenkplaat by Freshford-Huismuseum. pp. 26

LOUBSER, J.H.N. Apr. 1990. Venda pottery and origins. pp. 27-28

WATSON, J. Apr. 1990. Vreemdeling in die Vrystaat. pp. 29

BATES, M.F. Apr. 1990. The snake-eating snake. pp. 30

VISAGIE, E. Apr. 1990. Luisvlieë kan pret en plesier wees. pp. 31-33

LAMPRECHT, M. Apr. 1990. Die "Doen-dit-self"-saal: ‘n noodsaaklikheid vir Bloemfontein. pp. 34

Volume 39, October 1990

LOTZ, L. Oct. 1990. Die spinnekop op spyskaart. pp. 4-5

SMITH, M. Oct. 1990. Black urban living space. pp. 6-8

LYNCH, C.D. Oct. 1990. Hippopotamus in the Orange Free State. pp. 9-10

BRIEDENHANN, M. Oct. 1990. Fashionable trimming. pp. 11-12

VAN WYK, T. Oct. 1990. Wedgewood (1730-1795): "‘n Man van klei". pp. 13-15

ZIETSMAN, P.C. Oct. 1990. Vygies: ‘n Onbekende wonderwêreld. p. 16

LOUW, R. Oct. 1990. Uit vergange se dae: Hofmakery. pp. 17-19

BRINK, J.S. & PRINS, F. Oct. 1990. Vroeë tekens van honde in die Transkei. pp. 20

LOUBSER, J.H.N. Oct. 1990. The Story of Soai: Bushman painter and engraver. pp. 21-25

TRUTER, A. Oct. 1990. Kameras: van Daguerro tot kits. pp. 26-28

VAN DER BANK, D.A. Oct. 1990. Bloemfontein se stigtingsdatum. pp. 29-30

BATES, M.F. Oct. 1990. An unusual lizard exhibit. pp. 31-32

VAN STADEN, A. Oct. 1990. Poppespel-pret. pp. 33-34

FOUCHé, F.P. Oct. 1990. The first train disaster in the Orange Free State. pp. 35-36

LAURENS, G. Oct. 1990. Aims and techniques of recording Bushman rock paintings. pp. 39-40

Volume 40, April 1991

VAN WYK, T. Apr. 1991. Waarvoor gebruik jy jou blik? pp. 4-6

FLEMMING, A.F. Apr. 1991. Wie lê eiers en wie gee geboorte? pp. 7-8

LAWRENS, G. Apr. 1991. Some practical guidelines for conserving painted sites. p. 9

DU PREEZ, J. Apr. 1991. Die sosiale gedrag van plante. pp. 10

IRISH, J. Apr. 1991. Eeufees van ‘n Vrystaatse pes. p. 11

LOTZ, L.N. Apr. 1991. Spinnekoppe se oë. p. 12

LYNCH, C.D. Apr. 1991. Elephants in the Orange Free State. p. 13

BATES, M.F. & DOUGLAS, R.M. Apr. 1991. First record of Natal Ghost Frog in the Orange Free State. pp. 14-15

KARSTEL, M. Apr. 1991. The Sotho Blanket. pp. 18-19

BENDER, P. Apr. 1991. Strange and wonderful fossils from Cornelia. p. 20.

WELMAN, J. Apr. 1991. The age of the oldest woman. pp. 21-22

HAASBROEK, J. Apr. 1991."Geld der schande". pp. 23-24

LOUBSER, J.H.N. Apr. 1991. The model of Dzata at the National Museum. pp. 25-26

FLEMMING, A.F. Apr. 1991. A third eye! pp. 26-27

Volume 41, September 1991

ANONYMOUS. Sept. 1991. Ons eie heraldiese wapen. p. 4

LYNCH, C.D. Sept. 1991. Rhinoceros in the Orange Free State. pp. 4-6

BRINK, J. Sept. 1991. Modern people from Africa. pp. 7-8

HENDERSON, Z. Sept. 1991. Early modern people and the Middle Stone Age connection. pp. 9-10

DE SWARDT, D. Sept. 1991. Jangroentjies in Bloemfontein. p. 13

BISHOP, S. Sept. 1991. Animal treasure hunt on Oliewenhuis-koppie. pp. 14-16

VAN WYK, T. Sept. 1991. Om die pyp te kan rook. pp. 18-19

DOUGLAS, R.M. Sept. 1991. Mopane worms in Bloemfontein. pp. 20

LOUW, R. Sept. 1991. Swartmense in die vlugtelingskampe ("refugee camps") gedurende die Anglo-Boereoorlog, 1899-1902. pp. 21-22

BATES, M.F. Sept. 1991. The giant frog of the Lesotho mountains. pp. 23-24

KARSTEL, M. Sept. 1991. Why did the Sotho blanket become popular? pp. 25-26

LOTZ, L. Sept. 1991. Spinnekop verwarrings. p. 27

Volume 42, April 1992

DU PREEZ, L. Apr. 1992. In ‘n glaspaleis tot die dood hul skei. pp. 4-5

BATES, M.F. Apr. 1992. Bibron’s gecko: the super-predator with a big bite. pp. 6-7

LYNCH, C.D. Apr. 1992. The Ice rat. pp. 8-9

DREYER, J. Apr. 1992. John Waldemar Daniel Muff-Ford: Kunstenaar. pp. 10-11

HAASBROEK, J. Apr. 1992. Short back and sides. pp. 12-15

LOUBSER, J.H.N. Apr. 1992. Materials used by bushman to make rock paintings. pp. 16-17

VAN WYK, T. Apr. 1992. ‘n Raaisel van glas. pp. 18-20

KARSTEL, M. Apr. 1992. A blanket for all seasons. pp. 21

WELMAN, J. Apr. 1992. Lessons crocodiles taught in the man with the scythe. pp. 22-24

Volume 43, September 1992

BISHOP, S. Sept. 1992. A place of wonder. pp. 4-5

LYNCH, C.D. Sept. 1992. Museums, biodiversity and conservation. p. 6

RALL, M. Sept. 1992. Kultuur bedreig natuur. p. 7

DREYER, J. Sept. 1992. Die Sotho-hut. pp. 8-10

EKSTEEN, J.P. Sept. 1992.‘n Tropiese vlêrmuis in die Vrystaat. p. 11

DU PREEZ, L. Sept. 1992. Paddas: giftig of nie? pp. 12-14

LOTZ, L. Sept. 1992. Spinnekop-parasiete. pp. 14-15

WELMAN, J. Sept. 1992. Burrowing into the past. pp. 16-17

HENDERSON, Z. Sept. 1992. The Florisbad Skull: a diamond jubilee. pp. 18-19

BRIEDENHANN, M. Sept. 1992. Comfort and convenience: the floral water-closet. pp. 20-21

VAN WYK, T. Sept. 1992. Kermisbeeldjies se bekoring. pp. 22

DU PISANI, E. Sept. 1992. Some aspects of faith-healing in urban setting. pp. 23-24

Volume 44, April 1993

DU PISANI, E. Apr. 1993. Divination and township life. pp. 4-5

LOUBSER, J. Apr. 1993. Rock paintings of men with muskets near Smithfield. pp. 6-8

LOTZ, L.N. Apr. 1993. Die ongewensde haarkapper. p. 9

IRISH, J. Apr. 1993. Griljoene goggas: die globale diversiteitskrisis. pp. 10-11

LAMPRECHT, M. Apr. 1993. Daguerre se foto’s. pp. 12

DOUGLAS, R.M. Apr. 1993. The illusive Dwarf chameleons of Golden Gate. pp. 14-16

EKSTEEN, J.P. Apr. 1993. ‘n Nuwe inwoner van die Vrystaat. pp. 16-18

HAASBROEK, J. Apr. 1993. Bloemfonteinse 1930-moordsaak gekenmerk deur uitsonderlike foto’s. pp. 18-21

SCHUTTE, S. Apr. 1993. Invertebrata. pp. 22-23

DREYER, J. Apr. 1993. Die Laat Ystertydperk argeologiese terrein op Doornkloof, Lindley. pp. 24-25

HOLT, S. Apr. 1993. Hutbou in Lesotho. pp. 26-27

WELMAN, J. Apr. 1993. Paddas en ander tortels. pp. 28-30

VAN DER BANK, D.A. Apr. 1993. Sport in die Vrystaat aan die begin van die eeu. pp. 30-31

BOTES, M. Apr. 1993. Al hoe holler en holler in die ou Presidensie. pp. 32-33

BATES, M.F. Apr. 1993. Extremely rare lizards found at Sterkfontein Dam Nature Reserve. pp. 34-36

Volume 45, September 1993

VAN STADEN, A. Sept. 1993. Kom kruie saam! pp. 5-7

BATES, M.F. Sept. 1993. Amphisbaenians: what are they? pp. 7-10

DREYER, J. Sept. 1993. Mineralebronne van die Oranje-Vrystaat. pp. 11-13

EKSTEEN, J.P. Sept. 1993. Minder bekende diere van die OVS: die slangmuishond. pp. 14-15

IRISH, J. Sept. 1993. Vrystaatse Vismotte. p. 16

LOTZ, L.N. Sept. 1993. Spinnekop-sy. p. 17

LAMPRECHT, M. Sept. 1993. Sy ... die keiserlike vesel. pp. 18-19

DOUGLAS, R.M. Sept. 1993. The lighter side of identifying snakes. pp. 20-21

HOLT, S. Sept. 1993. Modimo nko e metsi: die god met die nat neus. pp. 22-23

ZIETSMAN, P.C. Sept. 1993. 'n Gedagte vir boomplantdag. pp. 24-25

SCHUTTE, S. Sept. 1993. As easy as ABC ... pp. 26-28

WELMAN, J. Sept. 1993. The unbearable lightness of seeing. pp. 29-31

LYNCH, C.D. Sept. 1993. Giraffes in the Orange Free State? pp. 32-33

Volume 46, April 1994

BISHOP, S. Apr. 1994. Your environment or mine? pp. 5-6

BOTES, M. Apr. 1994. Geheimsinnigheid omhul eerste huis in Bloemfontein. pp. 6-8

BRITZ, A-M. Apr. 1994. Die mikroskoop: "A most curious bauble". pp. 9-11

EKSTEEN, J. Apr. 1994. Skaars soogdiere van die Vrystaat: Is daar nog ietermagos in die Vrystaat? pp. 12-13

BRIEDENHANN, M. Apr. 1994. Exposing the sex of the child: a study of Ayrshire work christening gowns. pp. 14-16

NUTTALL, R. Apr. 1994. The Quail Finch: now you see it, now you don’t. pp. 17-19

HAASBROEK, J. Apr. 1994. Die "skoolgeld-skandaal" van 1913-14 in die OVS. pp. 20-22

LAMPRECHT, M. Apr. 1994. Die eikebome in die Oliewenhuis-tuin. pp. 22-23

KARSTEL, M. Apr. 1994. Mural decorations of the Orange Free State. pp. 24-25

BRINK, J.S. Apr. 1994. Florisbad esels vir die eerste keer in suidelike Afrika uitgeken. pp. 26-27

HENDERSON, Z. Apr. 1994. Captain R. Egerton-Helme: a benefactor of research. pp. 28-29

DOUGLAS, R.M. Apr. 1994. Which are the most poisonous snakes in South Africa and the world? pp. 30-32

WELMAN, J. Apr. 1994. Die ver land naby Kestell. pp. 33-35

BATES, M.F. Apr. 1994. The Cape Wolf Snake: a specialised lizard eater. pp. 36-38

LYNCH, C.D. Apr. 1994. Servals in the Orange Free State and adjacent regions. pp. 39-40

LOTZ, L.N. Apr. 1994. Die wanindruk van spinnekopgevaar. pp. 41-42

WELMAN, J. Apr. 1994. Historic find in the Orange Free State. pp. 47

Volume 47, September 1994

DREYER, J. Sept. 1994. What’s in a name? p. 4

OUZMAN, S. Sept. 1994. In search of symbols: Rock Art past, present and future. pp. 5-8

BOTES, M. Sept. 1994. Bekende Vrystaatse plekname in die spervuur. pp. 9-11

DOUGLAS, R.M. & DOUGLAS, K.G. Sept. 1994. How to stay upside down in an upright world. pp. 12-13

BRINK, J.S. Sept. 1994. Florisbad: ‘n nuwe dateringsmetode. pp. 14-15

WELMAN, J.S. Sept. 1994. Euparkeria and the origin of birds. pp. 16-17

DREYER, J. Sept. 1994."Een motorlorrie van die firma Atkinson". pp. 18-20

HAASBROEK, J. Sept. 1994. Cecilia Wessels: from Kwaggafontein to a legend. pp. 20-23

DU PREEZ, L. Sept. 1994. Ouderdomsbepaling van paddas. pp. 24-25

LYNCH, C.D. Sept. 1994. Leopards in the Orange Free State and adjacent regions. pp. 26-27

LOTZ, L.N. Sept. 1994. Tregterweb spinnekopp. pp. 28

EKSTEEN, J.P. Sept. 1994. Minder bekende soogdiere van die Vrystaat: Muis met ‘n ekstra hand in sy stert. pp. 29-30

VAN DER BANK, D.A. Sept. 1994. Twee uitsonderlike Vrystaatse Monumente. pp. 30-31

BATES, M.F. Sept. 1994. The Transvaal grass lizard in the Orange Free State. pp. 32-33

SCHUTTE, S. Sept. 1994. It’s the biggest bee you’ll ever see! p. 34

DE SWARDT, D.H. Sept. 1994. Bergkoesters in die Lesotho-hooglande en omliggende gebiede. pp. 35-36

BRITZ, A-M. Sept. 1994. Speelgoed van toentertyd: die rammelaar. pp. 36-37

Volume 48, April 1995

HAASBROEK, J. Apr. 1995. Redaksioneel: Museums is nie rariteitswinkels nie. p. 4

DREYER, J. Apr. 1995. Preservation: whose responsibility? p. 5

HOLT, S. Apr. 1995. Stone heads in the collection of the National Museum. pp. 6-8

SEAMAN, H. Apr. 1995. Vaderlandswilg: Boom van die jaar. p. 9

WELMAN, J. Apr. 1995. Cool dino dudes from Gondwana. pp. 10-11

BOTES, M. Apr. 1995. Restourasie van die historiese sinkhuisie op Florisbad. pp. 12-14

HENDERSON, Z. Apr. 1995. The Venters of Florisbad. pp. 14-16

LOTZ, L.N. Apr. 1995. Witoogkribellum spinnekoppe. p. 17

EKSTEEN, J.P. Apr. 1995. Minder bekende soogdiere van die Vrystaat: die Witstert muishond. pp. 18-19

HUNDT, S. Apr. 1995. Oliewenhuis Art Museum: African carousel project. pp. 20-23

OUZMAN, S. Apr. 1995. Lessons from the old masters: San Rock Art and Pierneef. pp. 24-27

VAN DER BANK, D.A. Apr. 1995. Genootskap Oud-Bloemfontein. pp. 28-29

LYNCH, C.D. Apr. 1995. Cheetah in the Orange Free State. pp. 30-31

BISHOP, S. Apr. 1995. Museums and education. pp. 32-33

VAN STADEN, A. & AVENANT, N. Apr. 1995. Meganismes wat soogdiere gebruik om roofdiere te ontduik. pp. 34-36

BRIEDENHANN, M. Apr. 1995. The Van Schouwenburg quilt. p. 37

DOUGLAS, R.M. Apr. 1995. The constrictors: giant bone crushers of the snake world? pp. 38-39

Volume 49, September 1995

LYNCH, C.D. Sept. 1995. Culna Forum: Will the Free State be deprived of its National Museum? p. 5

LOUW, R. Sept. 1995. ‘n Roos is ‘n roos ... pp. 6-7

OUZMAN, S. Sept. 1995. Discovering and documenting San Rock Art. pp. 8-10

VAN STADEN, A. Sept. 1995. En vat, vat hulle! Dierepret in Oliewenhuis se tuin. pp. 10-11

BATES, M.F. Sept. 1995. Poisonous snakes of the Orange Free State. pp. 12-14

BOTES, M. Sept. 1995. Die geur van nektar en rose. pp. 15-17

LYNCH, C.D. Sept. 1995. Reminiscences of a mammal survey in Lesotho. pp. 18-19

VAN DER BANK, D.A. Sept. 1995. Die poskoets Bloemfontein. pp. 20-21

BRIEDENHANN, M. Sept. 1995. The use of the Rose motif on samplers in the textile collection. pp. 22-23

HAASBROEK, J. Sept. 1995."Tails or no tails": ‘n Prins in Bloemfontein. pp. 24-25

BISHOP, S. Sept. 1995. The environment in you. Reflections after EEASA ‘95. pp. 26-27

LOTZ, L.N. Sept. 1995. Sandduikerspinnekoppe. p. 27

BRINK, J. Sept. 1995. ‘n Reuse uitgestorwe wildebees vanuit die Sentraal-Karoo. pp. 28-29

VAN DEN BERGH, C.K. Sept. 1995. Creation and reality in folklore. pp. 30-31

EKSTEEN, J.P. Sept. 1995. Minder bekende soogdiere van die Vrystaat: gewone Spleetneusvlêrmuis. pp. 32-34

LAMPRECHT, M. Sept. 1995. Die bemarking van die Museum se opvoedkundige aktiwiteite. pp. 34-35

DOUGLAS, R.M. Sept. 1995. Give a snake a bad name. pp. 36-37

HENDERSON, Z. Sept. 1995. Mud packs and mineral baths at Florisbad. pp. 38

WELMAN, J. Sept. 1995. Great balls of fire. pp. 39-40

AVENANT, N. & VAN STADEN, A. Sept. 1995. Dis nie sommer ‘n wolhaarstorie nie! pp. 41-42

Volume 50, April 1996

LYNCH, C.D. Apr. 1996. Editorial. The importance of museums in South Africa. p. 4

DREYER, J. Apr. 1996. Culna Forum. p. 5

LYNCH, C.D. Apr. 1996. Plains of Plenty. pp. 6-8

BRIEDENHANN, M. & VAN DEN BERGH, C. Apr. 1996. The Pu-tzu in the anthropology collection. pp. 9-10

LOTZ, L.N. Apr. 1996. Tussengety spinnekoppe. p. 11

HOLT, S. Apr. 1996. Kul jou man met ‘n ander vrou? pp. 12-13

VAN DER BANK, D.A. Apr. 1996."Tonsil Towers" Bloemfontein se eerste privaathospitale. pp. 14-15

OUZMAN, S. Apr. 1996. The San Rock Art displays in the National Museum. pp. 16-19

LOUW, R. Apr. 1996. Turnbridge-ware: meesterlike houtkuns. pp. 20-21

EKSTEEN, J.P. Apr. 1996. Skaars soogdiere van die Vrystaat: Smith se Rooiklipkonyn. pp. 24-25

BOTES, M. Apr. 1996. ‘n Emmervol wortels: Bloemfontein se mark. pp. 26-28

HENDERSON, Z. Apr. 1996. Interesting hippopotamus finds at Florisbad. pp. 29-30

HAASBROEK, J. Apr. 1996. Fumigasiehuise vs. pokke. pp. 31-32

VAN DEN BERGH, C.K. Apr. 1996. Akan masks in the anthropology collection. pp. 33-34

AVENANT, N. Apr. 1996. ‘n Eerste vir Suid-Afrika? pp. 34-36

DOUGLAS, R.M. Apr. 1996. Is the "Toadstone" really a myth? pp. 37-38

WELMAN, J. Apr. 1996. Galop, Krokosaurus, galop. pp. 39-41

Volume 51, September 1996

LAMPRECHT, M. Sept. 1996. Redaksioneel. ‘n Museum op wiele. p. 4

HUNDT, S. Sept. 1996. Culna Forum. Oliewenhuis Curator’s message. pp. 5-6

LAMPRECHT, M. Sept. 1996.‘n Egiptiese reukwaterbottel. pp. 6-7

ZIETSMAN, P.C. Sept. 1996. Duiwelsklou klou om te hou. pp. 8

NUTTALL, R. Sept. 1996. Pretty Polly, Pretty Polly. pp. 9-10

VAN DER BANK, D.A. Sept. 1996. Vincent van Gogh se Vrystaatse "konneksie". pp. 11-12

BATES, M.F. Sept. 1996. In search of the elusive flat geckos of the eastern Free State. pp. 13-15

HAASBROEK, J. Sept. 1996. Maselspoort, o Maselspoort: ‘n opelugdans vir Prins George. pp. 16-17

AVENANT, N. Sept. 1996. Die rooikat: gehaat of geliefd? pp. 18-20

LOTZ, L.N. Sept. 1996. Hooiwaens in die Vrystaat. p. 21

BOTES, M. Sept. 1996. Outentieke middeleeuse harnas in die Nasionale Museum uitgestal. pp. 22-24

DOUGLAS, R. Sept. 1996. The reptile and frog invaders. pp. 25-27

EKSTEEN, J.P. Sept. 1996. Skaars soogdiere van die Vrystaat: Goue molle. pp. 28-29

WELMAN, J. Sept. 1996. A tale of two reptiles. pp. 30-32

WESSELS, E. Sept. 1996."Prepare to win" As die skoen pas, trek dit aan! pp. 32-33

LYNCH, C.D. Sept. 1996. The Blesbok: one of the most common antelope in the Free State. pp. 34-35

LOUW, R. Sept. 1996. Die Tussie-Mussie: ‘n ruiker om te verbloem. pp. 36-37

VAN STADEN, A. Sept. 1996. Die onderstebo wêreld van die luidier. pp. 38-39

BISHOP, S. Sept. 1996. Museum Education News. p. 40

Volume 52, September 1997

ANONYMOUS. Sept. 1997. Editorial: The National Museum, an institution of expertise. p. 3

ENGELBRECHT, C.M. Sept. 1997. Forum. Paradokse van die Museumwese. p. 4

LYNCH, C.D. Sept. 1997. Where have all the mammals gone ... the importance of biodiversity. pp. 5-6

BRINK, J.S. Sept. 1997. Direct dating of the Florisbad fossil hominid. pp. 7-9

VAN DER BANK, D.A. Sept. 1997. Dr. Hoffman se oorsese reis. pp. 10-11

EKSTEEN, J.P. Sept. 1997. Minder bekende soogdiere van die Vrystaat. Die witstertmuis: nuwe hoop vir ‘n skaars muissoort. pp. 12-13

LOTZ, L.N. Sept. 1997. Skerpioene van Bloemfontein. p. 14

BISHOP, S. Sept. 1997. The scorpion in the sky. pp. 15-16

HAVENGA, S. Sept. 1997. ‘n Borsspeld met ‘n boodskpp. pp. 17-18

HAASBROEK, J. Sept. 1997. Freshford-Huis (1897) 100 jaar. pp. 19-22

AVENANT, N. Sept. 1997. Rooikat: aktiwiteit en sosiale gedrag. pp. 23-24

DOUGLAS, R. Sept. 1997. The reptile and frog invaders. pp. 25-28

BOTES, M. Sept. 1997. "At home or not at home": visitekaartjies en besoekers. pp. 29-31

OUZMAN, S. Sept. 1997. Public Rock Art Sites of the Free State: Tandjesberg. pp. 32-34

HENDERSON, Z. Sept. 1997. A bullet hole in the chest. pp. 35-37

ANONYMOUS. Sept. 1997. The National Museum Bloemfontein (1877-1997) (Photographs)

Volume 53, May 1998

OUZMAN, S. May. 1998. Editorial: Translating Museums. p. 3

DREYER, J. May. 1998. Waste management: its relevance to museums. p. 4

OUZMAN, S. May. 1998. Public Rock Art sites of the Free State: Stowlands. pp. 5-6

LYNCH, C.D. May. 1998. A preposterous creature! pp. 7-8

HAVENGA, S. May. 1998. ‘n Toestel met ‘n ander dimensie. pp. 8-9

IRISH, J., LOTZ, L.N. & AVENANT, N. May. 1998. Kogelbeengrot: ‘n besondere natuurerfenis in die Noord-Kaap. pp. 10-12

BISHOP, S. May. 1998. Orion: the hunter in the sky. pp. 12-14

HEIDEMAN, N. May. 1998. Fascinations and myths: about the life-histories of some Namibian agamas. pp. 14-15

COETZEE, L. May. 1998. Wat gaan binne in die grond aan? p. 16

BOTES, M. May. 1998. Rose, laventel en pietersielie: Freshford-huismuseum se Laat-Victoriaanse periodetuin. pp. 17-19

LAMPRECHT, M. May. 1998. Mummies van Antieke Egipte. pp. 20-21

WELMAN, J. May. 1998. The original early bird Archaeopteryx. pp. 22-23

LOTZ, L.N. May. 1998. Grasperkwolwe. p. 24

BATES, M.F. May. 1998. The slug and snail-eating snakes of Africa. pp. 25-26

HAASBROEK, J. May. 1998. Thomas Mtobi Mapikela. pp. 27-28

EKSTEEN, J.P. May. 1998. Minder bekende soogdiere van die Vrystaat: die haarpootnagmuis. pp. 29-30

VAN DER BANK, D. May. 1998. Die Amerikaanse "Declaration of Independence" en die ontstaan van die Nasionale Museum. p.31

Volume 54, June 1999

BOTES, Marianna. June 1999. Bloemfontein verloor twee bekende stadsbakens: Fort Drury en King’s Court. pp. 4-6

HENDERSON, Z. June 1999. Archaeological investigations at Fort Drury. pp. 7-9

LAMPRECHT, M. June 1999. Die Skip van die woestyn. pp. 10-11

OUZMAN, S. June 1999. Public Rock Art Sites of the Free State: Magical Modderpoort. pp. 12-13,16

WELMAN, J. June 1999. Noah’s raven. pp. 14-16

DREYER, J. June 1999. Samuel Makoanyane (1909-1944): artist in clay form Lesotho. pp. 17, 23

AVENANT, Nico. June 1999. Biodiversiteitskrisis en die Departement Soogdierkunde. pp. 18-19

HAASBROEK, J. H. June 1999. Selby Msimang. Kampvegter vir swart belange in Bloemfontein, 1915-1922. pp. 20-21, 23

DOUGLAS, R. June 1999. Snake and lizard superstitions and beliefs? Fact or fiction? pp. 22-23

HAVENGA, Sudré. June 1999. Die Nicolai-Bybeltjie: klein, maar met ’n ryk verlede. pp. 24-25

EKSTEEN, J.P. June 1999. Minder bekende soogdiere van die Vrystaat. Die dassierot, nog ’n moontlike inwoner van die Vrystaat. pp. 26-27

BISHOP, Sandra. June 1999. Moonstruck. pp. 28-29

LOTZ, L. June 1999. Skerpioene van die Vrystaat. p. 30


         Lizard in a pipe! p. 31

        Oliewenhuis, "abuzz" with activity! p. 32

        Ons eie vlag! p. 32

        "Special" lessons attract thousands. p. 33

        Rock Art did their bit! p. 33

        Museum Paleontologist probes Bird Origins abroad. p. 34

        Florisbad is weer in die nuus. p. 34

        Veels geluk: D. de Swardt behaal M.Sc graad. p. 34

        Internasionale Museumdag vir 1999 skitter! p. 35

        Welkom! Nuwe personeel by Nasionale Museum. p. 35

Volume 55, July 2000

BISHOP, S. July 2000. Editorial: Museum objects for education. p. 1

LAMPRECHT, M. July 2000. Forum: Outreach programme of the National Museum Bloemfontein. p. 2

BISHOP, S. July 2000. Go to the ant ….. pp. 3-5

WESSELS, E. Julie 2000. "Door lyden tot overwinning" Rebelliegedenkalbum vir genl. C.R. de Wet. pp. 5-6

LYNCH, C.D. July 2000. Beast, bird and bees: a trophic association? pp. 7-8

VAN STADEN, A. Julie 2000. Die pêrelsagte weefstof. pp. 9-11

AVENANT, N.L. Julie 2000. Korannaberg Bewarea: biodiversiteit-juweel van die Vrystaat. pp. 11-12

DOUGLAS, R. July 2000. Is any egg safe from a snake? pp. 13-14

BOTES, M. Julie 2000. Om mooi te lyk en lekker te ruik. pp. 15-17

LOTZ, L.N. Julie 2000. Reënspinnekoppe. pp. 17-18

EKSTEEN, J.P. Julie 2000. Minder bekende soogdiere van die Vrystaat: Brantse fluitrot. pp. 19-20

COETZEE, L. July 2000. Oribatid mites found in the Quaternary sediments at Florisbad. p. 21

VAN DER BANK, D. Julie 2000. Die besetting van Bloemfontein ’n eeu gelede. pp. 22-24

WELMAN, J. July 2000. Cool brained Euskelosaurus and the origin of dinosaurs. pp. 24-26

OUZMAN, S. July 2000. Public Rock Art Sites of South Africa: Schaapplaats. pp. 27-28

HAASBROEK, J. Julie 2000. "The Waaihoek Tea Party": £1 boete of 14 dae hardepad. pp. 29-30

CRAMPTON, S. July 2000. Homage to professor Frederick Petrus Scott. pp. 31-32

CULNA NEWS: July 2000

        Visitors to Archaeology Department. p. 33

        Speelgoeduitstalling. p.33

        Freshford: Bruidstabberds van 1830-1960 in Freshford-huismuseum uitgestal. pp. 33

        Opgradering van Florisbad-navorsingstasie. p. 33

        First discovery of human fossil material at the Cornelia-Uitzoek locality – c. 700 000 years old. p. 34

        Personeel presteer. p. 34

        Nuwe personeel. p. 34

        Museum on the move. p. 34

Volume 56, September 2001

BISHOP, S. Sept. 2001. Editorial. Heritage – Nature or culture? p. 1

VAN STADEN, A. Sept. 2001. Kolibries: "vlieënde juwele van die voëlwêreld!". pp. 2-3

HAVENGA, S. Sept. 2001. With this ring … pp. 4-5

DE SWARDT, D. Sept. 2001. Sekretarisvoëls se broeigewoontes. pp. 6-7

WELMAN, J. Sept. 2001. Reptiele met vere uit China en die oorsprong van voëls . pp. 8-9

BOTES, M. Sept. 2001. Kersvreugde. pp. 10-11, 21

AVENANT, N. Sept. 2001. Vlêrmuise: ons mees gehate vriende? pp. 12-13

ROSSOUW, L. Sept. 2001. The extinct Giant long-horned buffalo of Africa (Pelorovis antiquus). p. 14-15

HAASBROEK, J. Sept. 2001. Sir Etienne de Villiers. Eksentrieke en legendariese inwoner van Bloemfontein. pp. 16-17

DOUGLAS, R. Sept. 2001. If you’re going to get bitten by a snake – Get it right! pp. 18-19

THLAPI, G. Sept. 2001. Public rock art sites as tourist attractions and outdoor classrooms. p. 20

FACT SHEET. Sept. 2001. Rock art. p. 21

BATES, M.F. Sept. 2001. Crag lizards: how many species? pp. 22-23

OUZMAN, S. Sept. 2001. Public rock art sites of South Africa: Bosworth. pp. 24-25

WILLIAMSON, P.A. Sept. 2001. Hoe oorleef soogdiere in droogtetoestande? pp. 26-27

HENDERSON, Z. Sept. 2001. The Middle Stone Age horizon at Florisbad. pp. 28-29


Rock Art Department achieves a world first! p. 7

Rare engraving of extinct bird track found in Australia. p. 7

Gabriel Tlhapi wins UNESCO award to attend Rock Art course in Zambia. p. 7

‘n Reënwoud in ‘n Museum? p. 13

Besoekers. p. 27

A Ph.D. for Zoë. p. 27

Nuwe personeel. p. 27

Dr. Lynch groet. p. 27

Oliewenhuis and the community. p. 30

Restorations and renovations to an underground reservoir at Oliewenhuis Art Museum. p. 30

Granaat Rock Festival. p. 30

Volume 57, December 2002

NUTTALL, R. Dec.2002. Editorial: Culna goes global. p. 2

BISHOP, S. Dec. 2002. Forum: Hobbits and Museums. p. 3

CULNA NEWS. Dec. 2002. Education Department. p. 4

LOTZ, LN.  Dec. 2002. Spoegspinnekoppe. p. 5

BRINK, J. Dec. 2002. Human fossil material discovered at cornelia-Uitzoek. pp. 6-8

HENDERSON, Z. Dec. 2002. Leaving his mark, an otherwise invisible man. pp. 9-10

CULNA NEWS. Dec. 2002. Rock Art Department. p. 11

OUZMAN, S. Dec. 2002. Public Rock Art sites of Southern Africa: Thaba ya Sione. pp. 12-13

HOLT, S. Dec. 2002. Boomerangs from Australia. pp. 14-15

CRAMPTON, S. Dec. 2002. A dialogue with Jaques Fuller. pp. 16-17

DOUGLAS, R. Dec. 2002. Snoozing means different things to different organisms. pp. 18-19

LAMPRECHT, M. Dec. 2002. Potlode en tegnologie. p. 20

CULNA NEWS. Dec. 2002. Die nuwe Bloemfontein/Mangaung-geskiedenissaal uitstalling. p. 21

BOTES, M. Dec. 2002. Die geklop van perdepote … perdewedrenne en renbane in Bloemfontein. pp. 22-24

CULNA NEWS. Dec. 2002. Oliewenhuis Art Museum. p. 25

WILLIAMSON, P. Dec. 2002. Feromone, die stryd om lewe en dood by insekte. p. 26

CULNA NEWS. Dec. 2002. 125ste Herdenking van die stigting van die Nasionale Museum. p. 27

BATES, M.F. Dec. 2002. The Transvaal Girdled Lizard, a taxonomic enigma in the Free State. p. 28

CULNA NEWS. Dec. 2002. The Bushman rock paintings in South Africa’s new coat of arms. p. 29

TLHAPI, G. Dec. 2002. Practical and ethical ways of developing South Africa’s public Rock Art sites. pp. 30-31

AVENANT, N. Dec. 2002. Mohale-dam, omgewingsmonitering in die Maluti’s. pp. 32-33

WESSELS, E. Dec. 2002. David Livingstone en sy getroue hande, ‘n huldeblyk. pp. 34-35

HAASBROEK, H. Dec. 2002. Koning George VI van Brittanje en sy gesin se besoek aan Bloemfontein (1947). pp. 36-37

VAN STADEN, A. Dec. 2002. Die insek-kampioene van die “Gogga Olimpiade”. pp. 38-39

CULNA NEWS. Dec. 2002. National Museum. p. 40

Volume 58, November 2003

LAMPRECHT, M. Nov. 2003. Editorial: A respect for life. p. 2

BISHOP, S. Nov. 2003. Forum: What does the Museum’s education department really do? pp. 3-4

DOUGLAS, R. Nov. 2003. Good snakes, dragons and other cold-blooded creatures of the Bible. pp. 5-6

MAKWAE, A. Nov. 2003. Thoughts on environment. pp. 7-8

WESSELS, E. Nov. 2003. Interessante ou boeke in ons biblioteek: “Beschrywinge van de Kaap der Goede Hoop met de Zaaken daar toe behoorende”. pp. 9-10

OUZMAN, S. Nov. 2003. Public Rock Art sites of Southern Africa: Nelspoort. pp. 11-12

BOTES, M. Nov. 2003. Oliewenhuis – van ampswoning tot kunsmuseum. p. 13-15

GEORGE, P. Nov. 2003. Outreach programme of Oliewenhuis Art Museum: Dithwele Sculpture Park Competition. pp. 16-17

VAN STADEN., A. Nov. 2003. ‘n Insekte-feesmaal. pp. 18-19

HAVENGA, S. Nov. 2003. The Graaff-Reinet doll. pp. 20-21

AVENANT, N. Nov. 2003. ‘n Kruising tussen ‘n erdvark en ‘n ystervark! pp. 22-23

THLAPI, G. Nov. 2003. The meaning behind various body postures shown in the San Medicine dance. pp 24-25

LOTZ, L.N. Nov. 2003. Langnekke – lewende fossiele van die spinnekop wêreld. p. 26

DE SWARDT, D. Nov. 2003. African Rock Pipit – behaviour and vocalization. pp. 27-28

HAASBROEK, H. Nov. 2003.  Die adviserende Naturelleraad 1913-1923: Baanbrekerswerk in Bloemfontein. pp. 29-30

CRAMPTON, S. Nov. 2003. Reshaping Oliewenhuis Art Museum. pp. 31-32

HENDERSON, Z. Nov. 2003. A miner’s graveyard at Koffiefontein. pp. 33-34


Direkteur tree af. p. 35

New Director for the National Museum. p. 36

Personeel van Departement Geskiedenis woon SAVK-kongres by. p. 36

Conference of The South African Society for Systematic Biologists. p. 36

Finalis in die Bloemfonteinse Instansie van die Jaar-kompetisie. p. 37

Aktiwiteite by Soogdierkunde. p. 37

Philippolis outreach. p. 37

OFM and the Volksblad visit Florisbad. p. 37

Volume 59, November 2004

HAASBROEK, H. Nov. 2004. Editorial: The National Museum and 10 years of democracy. p. 2

BOTES, M. Nov. 2004. ‘n Naval Hill in Bloemfontein. pp. 3-5

KRIEK, J. Nov. 2004. Van Sjamans en siektes tot kompetisie vir kos: leeus in san-rotskuns. pp. 6-7

BATES, M.F. Nov. 2004. New frog records for the Free State. pp. 8-10

AVENANT, N. Nov. 2004. Knaagdiere as peste. pp. 11-13

KAISER, W. Nov. 2004. The realm of the deep. pp. 14-16

COETZEE, L. Nov. 2004. What makes an owl? pp. 17-19

HAVENGA, S. Nov. 2004. Unieke sendinggeld – raar maar waar. pp. 20-21

VAN STADEN, A. Nov. 2004. Die vlieënde alfabet. pp. 24-25

OUZMAN, S. Nov. 2004. Public rock art sites of Southern Africa. Merrimetsi: Rock art of a raider nation. pp. 26-28

BISHOP, S. Nov. 2004. The world’s great stroms. pp. 29-31

WESSELS, E Nov. 2004. Kaap na Kaïro: Die storie van die spoorlyn en rivierroete, 1887-1922. pp. 32-33

LOTZ, L.N. Nov. 2004. Vals-skerpioene. p. 34


Director visits Hungary. p. 35

Acarology symposium in Germany. p. 35

Besoeker aan die departement Aragnologie. p. 35

Besoek aan Tanzanië. p. 35

Nuwe aanwinste: Oliewenhuis-kunsmuseum. pp. 36-37

Education department news. pp. 38-39

New appointments. p. 40

Head of Education Department reitres. p. 40

Museum guides. p. 40